Bintang Papua, 4 January 2011
Civil and political rights violations will continue to occur in Papua
In this year of 2011, violations of civil and political rights [will]
still continue to occur in Papua, with such incidents as demonstrations,
shootings, torture, hostage-taking, killings and so on, which result in
conflict between the law enforcement agencies and civil society,
according to a human rights observer, Yusack Reba.
He said that freedom of expression is regarded by law enforcement
agencies as treasonous actions or separatism.
He said that there were two irreconcilable positions. According to the
state, every person is guaranteed the constitutional right to freedom
of expression, and there is nothing about people not being able to talk
about freedom. But according to the Criminal Code, expressions of
opinion are seen as being acts of separatism, which is treated by the
authorities as being a threat to the territorial integrity of the state.
As a result, the law enforcement agencies dont regard this as
expressing an opinion but as an act of treason.
He said that when people express their opinions in the provincial
legislative assembly (DPRP), this is not seen as an attempt to change
the philosophy of the state.
There is nothing in law that prohibits people from giving expression to
their aspirations but when such expressions go in the direction of
wanting independence, that enters into a diffrent legal framework. ‘But
if this is done peacefully and in a well-behaved manner, this is quite
legal and acceptable. If these are handled according to a different
procedure, human rights violations will be perpetrated in the form of
shootings, torture, and other actions.
He said that for the Papuan people, there are numerous instances of
human rights violations but they are not seen as being within the legal
framework and are not handled according to the rule of law, such as for
instance the Abepura case and other major cases which were not handled
by a proper court process.
‘This is why Papuan people have no confidence in the law as regards
actions to deal with human rights violations.
- Indonesia: NGOs allege government impunity in Papua (yubanet.com)
- Bintang Papua: Rejection of OTSUS intensifies DPRP should convene plenary session (westpapuamedia.info)
- HRW: Indonesia: Explain Transfer of Imprisoned Activists (westpapuamedia.info)
- Indonesia: Respect Rights of Papuan Prisoners Filep Karma and Buchtar Tabuni (westpapuamedia.info)