Category Archives: News alert

HRD Report: Information on Internally Displaced People in West Papua – Oksibil

by Solidarity for Indigenous Papuans

Information on Internally Displaced People in West Papua – Oksibil

Above: West Papua map showing the active conflict zones in West Papua including the IDPs location. (Source: google map, additional graphics by Solidarity for Indigenous Papuans)

General information on internally displaced people in conflict zones in West Papua
  • Since 1st December 2018 West Papua people in Nduga have been displaced from their homes for four years now. There were 12 districts in Nduga regency completely destroyed, more than 45 000 people have been displaced living in the neighbouring regencies up to date.
  • Like the situation in Nduga, Puncak people have also been displaced for four years now living with relatives in other regencies, most of the IDPs from Puncak is not known because the media is blocked from going in to the area.
  • People of West Papua in Yahukimo regency have also been displaced for the last four years most of them living in the jungles away from public facilities. The information about IDPs in Yahukimo is also not known.
  • The people of West Papua in Intan Jaya have been taking refuge in the neighbouring Paniai and Nabire regencies for the last three years. Their information is also not often published regularly. Most of the IDPs from Intan Jaya, Puncak and Nduga are living in Mimika regency including the people from the mining village of Banti displaced in 2020.
  • Recent armed conflict in Maybrat has also caused displacement in the Bird’s head region; people are still living in the jungles since last month’s incident in Maybrat regency.
  • The Star Mountain regency has been in conflict since 2018, displacement was under control until the 13th September incident in Kiwirok and Okhika districts.
  • Estimated total of Internally Displaced People is around 90 000 to 100 000 people and is expected to increase when the conflict intensifies throughout West Papua.
Situation of Internally Displaced people in Kiwirok and Okhika districts Star Mountain Regency

There are 12 villages in district Kiwirok including the district headquarters. People from the villages have been displaced since the 13th of September 2021. Some ran to the jungles while others moved to the Kiwirok Church compound. People who are sheltered by the church are mostly women, children, elderly, and the sick.

The burning and destruction in Okhika district was done by Indonesian military and not the OPM. Most of the destroyed buildings were residential houses and not public facilities. The whereabouts of the people from Okhika are not known to date. Most of them ran into the jungles to cover from Indonesian attacks. It is expected that people from these districts will migrate to Telefomin and Green River districts of Sandaun province in Papua New Guinea. The total population of district Okhika and Kiwirok combined is estimated to be around six thousand people.

The people who have been displaced since 13th of September 2021 who are under the church protection need food and other supplies. Neighbouring districts are contributing food and firewood to the displaced people. The supplies could not last long and need urgent food supplies to keep the people fed. Schools and other public amenities have been closed and children are deprived of their right to education.

Above: Women and children from Kiwirok district displaced by the armed conflict

Above: The elderly, women and children including men in Kiwirok district displaced by the armed conflict.

Above: Food and firewood contributed from local people for the IDPs.

Government and NGO Response

The Indonesian government has not been responsive since 2018 IDP crisis in Nduga. Only the local government is responsive to supply food and basic supplies from time to time. The government has not formed special teams to investigate what is happening within the IDP communities and or addressing their situation.

We have witnessed churches and CSOs build solid support base for the IDPs in West Papua throughout the conflict zones. These brave deeds were not without blockage by Indonesian military and police though. Many church workers were killed due to their care for the IDPs, CSOs blocked from reaching the IDPs or food aid stolen by the military from the airports. Indonesian military and police often check every item on the plane to the conflict zones. Anything that is heading towards the IPD camps is confiscated at the airports including food and other basic supplies.

Appeal

Indonesian military and police have been confiscating food for IDPs from the airports which is a violation of the existing humanitarian law. The military and police have been consistently checking backs and confiscating food since 2018. We are appealing to the international community to urge Indonesia to allow food and medical assistance to reach the IDPs throughout West Papua conflict zones.

Prepared by Solidarity for Indigenous Papuans

Extension of Special Autonomy Law Number 21 of 2001 for West Papua by Indonesian Parliament: A One-sided Policy implementation

by Solidarity for Indigenous Papuans

Facts on the Special Autonomy

The much talked about Special Autonomy Law Number 21 of 2001 was officially extended on 15th July 2021 through the Second Amendment Bill to Law Number 21 of 2001 in the Indonesian Parliament. Summary of facts covered as reported by various media outlets are as follows;

  • the extension was finalized and approved for endorsement through the Second Amendment Bill of Law Number 21 of 2001
  • the government focus on amending only three articles; Article 1 on general provisions, Article 34 on Special Autonomy Fund for Papua, and Article 76 on Territorial Expansion
  • the new articles added to the existing law were only 20 articles, which mainly were added or extended in Articles 1, 34 and 76.
  • apart from the three articles reviewed, no other articles from the previous law were removed or adjusted; the Minister for Home Affairs confirmed that “the content of the law has not changed, but funds have to be extended and increased.”
  • The Indonesian Parliament agreed that all Papuans they have consulted approve of the extension of Special Autonomy

The general feeling in Papua has different narratives from that held by Indonesian leaders in Jakarta and their collaborators in Papua. It was fortunate that the government-controlled media smooth over the rough edges of the Autonomy narrative, avoided publicising views from the Papuan public. The fact remains that all indigenous Papuans rejected outright its extension. A total of 105 organisations, including the support organisations from neighbouring countries, formed a resistance group inside West Papua put up consistent protests at meeting venues, only to be met by heavy police and military beatings and hefty jail terms.

Consultation Initiative for the Special Autonomy

Consultation for the extension was organized in ways that only seek approval from the public and avoided criticism, complaints, or adjustments from the Papuans’ side. Three separate factions initiated their schedules for consultations with Papuan people; (1) initiated by Papuan People’s Assembly in Papua (MRP) and Papuan Provincial Parliamentarians (DPRP) under Article 77 of Special Autonomy Law, (2) initiated by Special Committee for the Special Autonomy (DPD PANSUS), and (3) initiated by Indonesian Parliamentarians.

According to Article (77) of Special Autonomy Law Number 21 of 2001, the changes to the law has to be done by Papuans through MRP, DPRP and Governor of Papua province in consultation with the Papuans. Thus, the setup of the Special Team for Special Autonomy and direct involvement by Indonesian Parliamentarians were not in the spirit of the law.

The exclusion in the discussion and contribution to Special Autonomy prompted MRP to appeal to the constitutional court in Jakarta to seek its interpretation of Article (77) on 16th June 2021. The court did not hand the decision to date due to political interference. The MRP was forced to withdraw the case on 21st July 2021. The Parliamentarians passed the Second Amendment Bill on 15th July 2021, extending the Special Autonomy Law Number 21 of 2001.

Groups Consulted in Papua

The three groups set up two separate camps to review the Special Autonomy Law, Jakarta and Jayapura. The Jakarta group set up the Indonesian Research Institute (LIPI) and the University of Gaja Mada (UGM) to research and draft the law. In contrast, the Jayapura group set up the university of Cenderawasih to do the review. The Jakarta group has a separate list of Papuans to consult in Papua, and the Jayapura group has its list with different schedules.

The Jayapura group, led by MRP/MRPB1, conducted consultations throughout Papua and West Papua provinces. The approach appeared fair for the ordinary people and civil society, including the opposition groups who presented petitions against the Special Autonomy in several regencies. In Pegunungan Bintang, Yahukimo, Paniai, Jayapura, Manokwari and Sorong presented petitions against the extension of Special Autonomy. The people at the grassroots level trusted the first group led by the MRP/MRPB.

The Jakarta group led by the Special Team scheduled five days for a visit to Jayapura and Manokwari. They listed the following names for their consultation; (1) Governor, (2) Regional Leaders (FORKOPIMDA), (3) Papuan Provincial Parliamentarians (DPRP/PB), (4) Papuan People’s Assembly Members (MRP/MRPB), (5) Provincial Rep. of National Intelligence Organization (BINDA), (6) Association of Indonesian Lecturers in Jayapura (7) Forum for Regional Leaders, (8) Forum for inter-religious group, (9) Special Autonomy Review Team in Jayapura, and (10) Cenderawasih University. They scheduled for five days from 26th to 30th April 2021.

Another Jakarta group led by Indonesian Parliamentarians (DPR RI) had their separate schedule for consultation with the Papuan side on 1st April 2021. The group met (1) Governor, (2) Indonesian Military Commander in Papua (Pangdam Cenderawasih), (3) Papua Provincial Police Commander, (4) Papua provincial Chief Judge, (5) Chairman of Papuan People’s Assembly, (6) Chairman of Papua Parliamentrians, and (7) Regional leaders and town mayors in Papua province.

Consultation and Review Results

The consultation and review results of the Papuan side led by MRP/MRPB disappeared in thin air between Jakarta and Jayapura. The petition collected from the Papuans, main discussions about human rights and dialogue between Jakarta and Jayapura, including the opposition groups, were vaporised into thin air living the original review and consultations from the Jakarta side to endorsement by the Indonesian Parliament. It was a shadow play that Indonesian intelligence (BIN) designed and played hard from the sidelines, directing the flow towards Jakarta.

Indonesians called “wayang kulit”, an Indonesian shadow play myth often told and played in Indonesian cinemas. The MRP/MRPB group was only a decoy to attract Papuans’ attention to their side, so the actual moves from Jakarta are implemented undisturbed.

During the parliament session, Mr Komarudin Watubun the chairman of the Special Committee for the Autonomy concluded that “discussions about the Special Autonomy was conducted well in the spirit of brother-hood.”2 Mr Yan Mandenas, his deputy added that the process of consultation was done according to “normal policy processes and procedures and satisfied all the existing government’s requirements”3 according to the available laws of the country.

Peoples’ representation

The people consulted in Papua do not represent most Papuans because they were members of the “Barisan Merah Putih” (BMP)(Red and White movement). The BMP group is organized by the Indonesian military and police, forcing people to love Indonesia and hate other people who are against the Indonesian state ideology. These people are descendants of the “1025” selected to participate in the “Act of Free Choice” in 1969. This group of Papuans are well-looked after by the Indonesian government. They continue to receive monthly allowances from the Indonesian government to compensate for their part in the 1969 saga and formed the stronghold for Indonesia in Papua. They have no connection with the West Papua independence struggle either.

It was a pre-planned process with name lists prepared by the Badan Intelijen Negara (BIN) State Intelligence Organization with venues scheduled and dates fixed for the events. They also listed Church leaders, customary leaders, students and intellectuals that were aligned with the views of the Red and White group. People selected to represent Papuan’s view were mainly from West Papua province and coastal regions which traditionally allied with Indonesians most often or do not dare to talk aggressively like the highlanders. Indonesia is indirectly creating ethnic divisions as a method of divide and rule, which appears to be colonial in its approach to Papuan issues.

Excluded Groups

The excluded groups in Papua are led by Petisi Rakyat Papua4 (PRP) (Petition for the People of Papua). The PRP group is a collective group consisted of 105 civil society based organizations, including politically charged organizations such as the West Papua National Committee (KNPB) and others whose leaders are at the forefront. The groups appeared to be formidable and aspire to continue in whatever way possible to halt the implementation of the Special Autonomy.

From experience, the opposition to the Special Autonomy Law at the beginning could be a bad sign for Indonesia as it cannot teach new tricks to the Papuans. Papuans have grown thick skin over the years of the Indonesian’s undignified treatments, and it looks like the opposition would continue to grow in the months and years ahead. The Special Autonomy review and consultation was done in a secret and undemocratic way that violated the rights of the people of Papua. The failure of the first part of Special Autonomy experienced from 2001 to 2020 will be repeated in the second part of the Special Autonomy. Indonesians are ignorant of the reality existing in Papua.

Expected fulfilment of SDG 2030 in Papua under Special Autonomy

The last five (5) years of implementing Sustainable Development Goals Agenda 2030 (SDG 2030) since 2015 has catapult Indonesia’s economic success. It has enabled Indonesia to invest heavily into education, health, agriculture, commerce and other sectors of the economy boosting living standards and creating millions of jobs for its 273 million people. However, the economic miracle that Indonesia enjoyed over the years occurred at the expense of mounting human rights violations5 and environmental destruction in Papua. The suppression of Indigenous peoples rights, LGBT rights, People With Disability, minority rights, and environmental destruction in Papua and Boneo Islands where vast forests are being destroyed are a few areas that the Indonesian government has been overlooking in the last five years.

West Papua region in Indonesia tells the exact opposite of Indonesia’s success story over the same period that seems to paint a negative image on Indonesia. The much talked about and promoted Special Autonomy for Papua is nothing but a tool for Indonesian diplomatic advancement to cover its human rights violation record in West Papua. Indonesia treats West Papua as its number one priority in international relations, perfecting any defects coming out of the province in every international forum that smells human rights in Indonesia focusing on Papua. It is uncertain that the existing negative record would likely to improve with the extension of the autonomy package. Already, violated SDG principles from the beginning when the Indonesians excluded Papuans from taking part in the review and consultation process.

BY Solidarity for Indigenous Papuans (SIP)

1 Majelist Rakayat Papua/Majelis Rakyat Papua Barat (Papuan Peoples’ Assembly Members/West Papua Peoples’ Assembly Members) the Special Autonomy covers both provinces.

2 DPR and Government Approve Papua Otsus Bill (voaindonesia.com)

3 DPR Affirms the Discussion of The Revision of the Papua Otsus Law Is Final and Constitutional – Tribunnews.com

4 Papuan People’s Petition (petisirakyatpapua.org)

5 Johnny Blades a senior journalist at Radio New Zealand International describes the human rights conditions in West Papua here; West Papua: The Issue That Won’t Go Away for Melanesia (lowyinstitute.org)

Permintaan mendesak kepada saksi garis depan dan sumber dari WestPapuaMedia untuk memaksimalkan liputan internasional tentang Darurat Kemanusiaan di Ilaga, Intan Jaya dan Nduga

Permintaan mendesak kepada saksi garis depan dan sumber dari WestPapuaMedia untuk memaksimalkan liputan internasional tentang Darurat Kemanusiaan di Ilaga, Intan Jaya dan Nduga: (jika Anda dapat menyebarkannya ke sumber Anda). Kami memiliki kesempatan untuk membuat situasi keji di Intan Jaya dan Ilaga menjadi perhatian media penyiaran internasional saat ini. Sayangnya, bagaimanapun, ini berarti kita membutuhkan rekaman cepat, TANGAN PERTAMA atau foto-foto situasi dari pendukung saksi, atau jurnalis. Kami membutuhkan yang berikut: Klip video pendek: maksimal 20 detik (mp4) menunjukkan: Bidikan cedera, korban, kamp darurat yang dipegang secara mantap (hanya dari dekat, JANGAN menunjukkan bentang alam yang dapat diidentifikasi seperti punggung bukit, sungai, puncak, atau lembah); wawancara singkat dari para saksi, orang yang selamat atau korban. Kami perlu mengetahui DI MANA, KAPAN, APA YANG TERJADI (Siapa melakukan apa kepada siapa, kapan, di mana dan bagaimana) untuk setiap insiden yang dirinci dalam setiap klip, termasuk tanggal pengambilan gambar ini. Mohon JANGAN mengidentifikasi lokasi persis persembunyian mana pun yang telah difilmkan ini. Kami benar-benar perlu mengetahui jumlah, jenis, dan usia korban, termasuk cedera yang disebabkan karena melarikan diri. Gambar diam apa pun perlu mengidentifikasi detail di atas juga. Kami sangat membutuhkan gambar dan foto pengeboman helikopter dan tembakan, bahkan video yang tidak menampilkannya tetapi memiliki suara sudah cukup. Senjata apa pun yang ditemukan, peluru bekas, atau kerusakan yang disebabkan oleh pasukan Indonesia. SANGAT penting jika Anda berada di lapangan untuk melakukan ini dengan aman. menggunakan WHATSAPP TIDAK aman jika Anda ingin identitas Anda tetap aman. Silakan gunakan SIGNAL PRIVATE MESSENGER (Signal.org/install) atau Session https://getsession.org/ untuk perangkat seluler. Untuk file besar, buka akun protonmail.com gratis dan kirim ke westpapuamedia_eds@protonmail.ch Tolong bagikan ini secara luas, tetapi dengan aman. Kami di sini untuk menyebarkan kisah Anda kepada dunia. Terima kasih Tim WestPapuaMedia ....... Brother, could you please translate this for me into good Bahasa for me? "Urgent request to frontline witnesses and sources from WestPapuaMedia to maximise international coverage of the Humanitarian Emergency in Ilaga, Intan Jaya and Nduga: (if you can please pass it around to your sources). We have an opportunity to get the heinous situation in Intan Jaya and Ilaga to the attention of international broadcast media right now. Sadly, however, this means we need fast, FIRST HAND footage or photographs of the situation from witness advocates, or journalists. We need the following: Short video clips: 20 seconds maximum (mp4) showing: Steady-held shots of injuries, casualties, emergency camps (only close up, do NOT show landforms that can be identified like ridgelines, rivers, peaks, or valleys); short interview grabs of witnesses, survivors or victims. We will need to know WHERE, WHEN, WHAT HAPPENED (Who did what to whom, when, where and how) for any incidents detailed in each clip, including date this was filmed. Please DO NOT identify exact location of any hideout that this has been filmed in. We really need to know the number, type and age of any casualties, including injuries caused through fleeing. Any still images need to identify the above details too. We would really need images and footage of helicopter bombardment and gunfire, even video that doesn't show it but has the sound is enough. Any weapons found, any spent cartridges, or damage caused by Indonesian forces. It is VERY important that if you are in the field to do this safely. using WHATSAPP is NOT safe if you need your identity to be kept secure. Please use SIGNAL PRIVATE MESSENGER ( Signal.org/install ) or Session https://getsession.org/ for mobile devices. FOr large files, please open up a free protonmail.com account and send to westpapuamedia_eds@protonmail.ch Please share this widely, but safely. We are here to get your story out to the world. Thank you WestPapuaMedia Team"

Families of TNI victims in Ilaga, Puncak call on Indonesia to stop killing them in open video plea

From WestPapuaMedia sources, translated and edited for clarity by WPM

December 23, 2020

VIDEO STATEMENT OF ATTITUDE OF COMMUNITY AND FAMILY OF VICTIMS IN ILAGA, PUNCAK DISTRICT

(Subtitling unavailable currently)

An impassioned video statement was made yesterday of the family attitude of the victims of Atonius Murib, Arkis Alom, Les Mosip, Wenis Wenda, killed by the Indonesian military in Puncak Ilaga district.

The statement is conveyed in a video to the Government of Indonesia, and submitted to the Puncak/Ilaga Regency Government, the Regional Representative Council of the Puncak Regions, and the Indonesian National Army / Police in Puncak.

The statement in question was conveyed openly, after hundreds of Puncak Regency people and victims’ families read and conveyed a written and open attitude and circulated in the form of videos, then posted on WhatsApp group “The Spirit Of Papua” (SOP), on December 22, 2020.

In the oration, the representatives of the Puncak community were entrusted to convey a message to the Regional Representative Council, the central Government and the leaders of the Indonesian National Army / POLRI, calling for local peoples’ aspirations to be respected.


The field coordinator said that for the sake of officials or certain interests to not obstruct these recommendations, and again asked the people present with the question “agree”, they spontaneously stated “that we agreed”. Then the demands were read out in front of the Puncak regional government. The field coordinator asked the journalists who were also present to take pictures and record them.

“In the name of the shooting victims, Atonius Murib, Arkis Alom, Les Mosip, Wenis Wenda, in the wilderness of Libaga on Friday, November 20, 2020, we hereby, as a large family of victims, declare our distress towards the shooting of victims committed by the State apparatus towards civil society.”

  1. We, the victims’ families, ask the president of Rebuplik Indonesia, Ir. Joko Widodo, Menkopolhukam (Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs) General Prabobo Subianto, to immediately withdraw all non-organic Indonesian National Army / POLRI members who have occupied all corners of Papua
  2. We, the victim’s family, along with all levels of society, ask the Regent and Deputy Regent of the Puncak Regency Regional Representative Council to limit the acceptance of members of the Indonesian National Army and Polri who are not on permanent duty in the Puncak Regency area.
  3. We, the victim’s family, order the Indonesian Commission for Human Rights Republic, to immediately and thoroughly investigate the perpetrators of the shooting of 5 victims, 4 of whom died and 1 was seriously injured.
  4. We, the victim’s family, asked not to suffer a new barracks for the Indonesian National Army and additional Polri in the Gome area, Kodim 1714, Puncak Regency, which are currently being built.
  5. We, the victims’ families, order the Indonesian government of Republic, to immediately open access for foreign journalists to enter the Land of Papua to directly cover all violations of human rights in the Papuan homeland.
  6. We, the victim’s family, along with all levels of society in the Puncak Regency, reject Special Autonomy Volume II from Puncak Regency, West Papua Province 100% (completely).

Because the (so-called) autonomy of high-ranking officials must be satisfied, many people become victims and are considered animals or trash…. with that we people agree that Special Autonomy must be rejected, 100%.

Ilaga 21 December 2020
It is signed by the representatives of the dead victim’s family.

  1. Nius Tabuni on behalf of victim Atonius Murib
  2. Yunius Alom on behalf of Alom Arkis Victim
  3. Pombunggen Kogoya, the victim on behalf of Les Mosip
  4. Marius Wenda, the victim on behalf of Wenis Wenda

Nduga Investigation Team calls for Jokowi to end enforced disappearances and human rights abuses

Press Release – Nduga Human Rights Investigation Team

December 15, 202

(WPM TRANSLATION and edited for clarity – apologies for delay in publication)

HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION CASES ARE BECOMING DEEPLY ENTRANCED IN NDUGA AND THROUGHOUT PAPUAN SOCIETIES

Civilians are always the victims of the barrel of the gun, the fate of the Internally Displaced People (IDPs) who continue to die in the IDP camps are often ignored, and are considered of no value. They were often seen as sub-humans abandoned to suffer and die with no government assistance in the jungles and IDP camps.  After the massacre of PT Istaka Karya employees, on December 2nd, 2018, on Mount Kabo, it is now more than 2 years, the war between TPNPB led by Egianus Kogoya and Indonesian Military and Police (TNI / POLRI) continue to this day which continues to claim lives from both sides TNI / POLRI and OPM / TPNPB. The victims referred to are not only defending parties, but unarmed civilians have also fallen casualty as victims of torture, victims of arrest, victims of sweeping, and burning of people’s houses, and these civilian victims who were tortured by the TNI apparatus or died of illnesses.

Victims continue to fall, because neither party has expressed their willingness to either carry out peace negotiations, or listen to the plea for peace talks by the general public, both; TNI / POLRI and OPM / TPNPB still maintain their respective ideologies to this day, armed conflict still continues to this day. Both parties do not realize that civilians are experiencing casualties and material losses. In our view this war will not stop, but will have the impact of taking a lot of casualties down with it. Due to the uncompromising positions of the two groups TNI / POLRI and OPM / TPNPB there has been no agreement on peace negotiations or a ceasefire.

We already knew that the war between TNI / POLRI and TPNPB has been initiated by various groups / institutions, and the Regional Government of Papua Province (through the Governor) has conveyed an official position at the Papua Provincial Assembly (DPRP) session, to immediately withdraw Non-Organic troops from Nduga Regency. However, there has been no serious response from the Central Government (in Jakarta), instead they (Regional Government) were considered to be defending OPM, and accused of being Separatists by the Central government in Jakarta. The Church, NGOs and the international community have also appealed to the central government to immediately withdraw non-organic troops, and stop military operations, but there was no response from the Government of Republic of Indonesia. Meanwhile, the Nduga report has been submitted to State Officials in Jakarta, and responsible state institutions including the National Commission of Representatives from Papua (DPD) and the National Commission for Human Rights.

Up to this day we do not yet know the realization of the development of the case in question, from the party that is the policy maker.

CIVILIANS HAVE BEEN THE VICTIMS OF THE ARMED CONFLICT EVER SINCE. Since 2018 the civilian population has fallen victims, who were shot during the operation from 4-15 December 2018, some died in the forest on the way because of hunger, some died of heavy bombardment from air, water sources and food gardens were destroyed due to heavy bombardment from air, some died in the forest in refugee camps, some mothers died while giving birth in the forest because there was no medical assistance, some were burned in their homes alive, some were shot and buried after being caught. Some people died at the refugee camp because they were sick and hungry. The Papua Justice and Human Integrity Foundation, a foundation based in Jayawijaya Regency, has record a number of victims of around 243 Nduga Indigenous people and 20 Non-Papuans. Non-Papuans were (PT Istaka Karya employees) approximately 17 people. 16 people were evacuated to Timika and 1 of them was evacuated to Wamena, 4 of whom are suspected of missing. The number of victims of violence in Nduga Regency continues to increase, but we have not yet collected data on the number of physical victims and also the number of victims who died in displacement, since 2019-2020, but the number of victims who died in refugee camps is still increasing. Refugees are still living in several districts including (the Regencies of) Jayawijaya, Lani Jaya, Timika, Jayapura, Yahukimo, Nduga, and the capital city of Kenyam, while others are still scattered in the jungles.

LAST CASE

On September 28, 2020 there was an arrest incident accompanied by torture and murder of Tapania Wasiangge and Anle Gwijangge, both of them were village officers of Kiyabikma Village, Mbulmu Yalma District in Nduga Regency. The two victims in question were arrested, tortured, killed and then subject to enforced disappearances by TNI members from Pos Mbua and Dal. The incident in question occurred while they were in one of the honai traditional houses, in Grukwarak village, Kiyakbima village, Mbulmu Yalma district. The reasons for the arrest, torture and murder of forced disappearance against Tepania Wasiangge and Anle Gwijangge, were (they were) suspected and accused (by TNI) of being members of the OPM / TPNPB ( Armed Separatist Group). Prior to the incident on September 28, 2020, on September 26, 2020, members of the TNI under the leadership of Lt. Inf Anggis and Lt. Inf Andreas Siregar Serda Heru Handoko built guard posts using tarpaulin tents at several points in the Mbulmu Yalma district. Then on September 28, 2020, the two residents, Tepania Wasiangge and Anle Gwijangge were arrested in Grukwarak village while they were in their house.

After the Nduga Regency Government received information on the arrest, torture and attempts of enforced disappearances against the two village officials, on October 5, 2020, the Nduga Regency Government together with the Regional Representative Council of the District of Nduga Regency formed a joint team, the team in question consisting of the Regional Government, DPRD Nduga Regency , Religious leaders, NGOs (defenders of human rights) and youth leaders. On October 9, 2020, the investigation team travelled to the Place of incident to investigate cases of forced arrests and disappearances by TNI officers.

Around 19:15 pm West Papua time, the investigation team arrived in Mbua District and reported the 756 Wim Anesili Army Battalion post in Mbua, on the 10th October 2020, at around 7:59 am, the team had a short meeting with Danrem 172 Papua. After the meeting, Investigation team continued the journey to Mbulmu yalma District, at around 09:30 am the team arrived at the district in question. The Investigation Team had met several eye witnesses and had bagged some of the evidence (BB) used by members of the Indonesian National Army, and including the remains of the victim’s bones, the bones in question (that) were found in honai that had been burned by members of the Indonesian National Army. Some of the evidences found at the scene of the case include:

1.      the remains of small bones in the honai that has been burned.

2.      Some burnt zinc (roofing iron)

3.      Charcoal from the walls of the house

4.      a small rattan rope

5.      Place for the Army Apparatus Camp and cans and plastic used for food from the military apparatus

6.      1 pair of gloves

7.      Syringe 1.50 cm in size

8.      1 piece of plastic spoil

9.      Kasa Sterile 6 Plastic Mx16 cm, filled in black plastic

During the investigation process, the investigation team strongly suspected that the perpetrators of the enforced disappearance against Tepania Wasiangge and Anle Gwijangge were members of the TNI. According to witness testimony submitted to the Investigation team on October 10th, 2020, the two victims were arrested in Grukwarak village, still alive, and were directed straight up into the forest to the Bigam mountain, Bulmu yalma district. The two victims did not carry weapons (Pistol) for that matter. TNI members also never showed an arrest warrant for the two victims who were suspected as suspects. In the process of arrest, there was actually no form of resistance by the two victims against the Indonesian National Army (TNI).

COMMUNITY CONDITIONS IN MBUA, DAL, AND MBULMU YALMA DISTRICTS

The people from the three districts, Mbua District, Dal District, and Mbulmu Yalma District have lost their courage and freedom to do all their daily activities such as gardening, looking for firewood, and so on, they are full of fear of members of the Indonesian National Army. Community activities in the three districts of Mbua, Dal and Mbulmu Yalma have not been like before; they do not feel free to carry out their daily activities, because the area is controlled by the TNI / Polri apparatus. People who want to do activities always experience fear and trauma. They have also felt that they have lost their right to freedom of work in their own villages. People who felt that they had lost their right to freedom expressed openly that, we were limited by soldiers from the army not to work in the garden, not turning on the lights, and not going out of the house in the afternoon and at night.

The TNI members took the lighting equipment belonging to civilians in the houses during the search. So that lighting cannot be used, people in the three districts until now, only use fire as a means of lighting. The community also told us that if they start a fire in their house they always covered the fire with pieces of iron roofing, because if the TNI members see the fires they could shoot at them, so they always cover the fire with iron roofing or something. We hope that the Government and members of the TNI / POLRI who are assigned to these areas will give freedom to local people in the three districts of Mbua, Dal and Mbulmu yalma, so that people can also carry out activities freely in their own villages.

Recommendation

1. We ask the President Ir. Joko Widodo, as the Commander-in-Chief, as immediately responsible for the efforts of enforced disappearances done by the TNI apparatus against Tepania Wasiangge and Anle Gwijangge, who are village officials in Mbulmu Yalma District, Nduga Regency.

2 We ask the President of Republic Indonesia, Ir. Joko Widodo to immediately withdraw non-organic troops from Papua, especially in Nduga Regency

3. We ask the President of Republic of Indonesia, Ir. Joko Widodo immediately try the perpetrators of the attempted enforced disappearance namely Lt. Inf. Anggis, Letda Inf Andreas Siregar, Serka Heru Handoko, in accordance with the applicable law.

4. The families of victims ask the President to allow the UN Special Rapporteur, United Nations, to monitor the situation of human rights in Nduga and Papua.

5. The family asks the President of the Republic of Indonesia to immediately allow international journalists to cover the human rights situation in Nduga and Papua.

6. If some of the points above are not fulfilled, then we, the people of Nduga ask for protection of humanitarian asylum {by UN peacekeepers- WPM Eds}.

7. We urge the Human Rights Commission to monitor and investigate cases of suspected human rights violations in Nduga Regency.

15 December 2020

Nduga Investigation Team, namely,

1. Nduga Regency Government

2. Regional Representative Council of the District of Nduga Regency

3. Papua Justice and Human Integrity Foundation (Human Rights Defender)

4. Representative of Religious Leaders

5. Representatives of Youth leaders

6. Representatives of Women Leaders