Daily Archives: July 12, 2010

new West Papua report criticises International Crisis Group

The latest report from the West Papua Project at the Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, Sydney University, entitled Get up, stand up: West Papuans stand up for their rights. The report is a rebuttal of the International Crisis Group Report No. 188, Radicalisation and Dialogue in Papua, and an analysis of the recent events through which West Papuans have united against Special Autonomy and for a referendum on independence.Get up, stand up writen by Dr. Jim Elmslie and Camellia Webb Gannon with Prof. Peter King and was launched on Wednesday July 6 at the University of Sydney.

This report begins with a response to ICG Report No. 188, Radicalisation and Dialogue in Papua, released in March 2010. It finds that the ICG report is flawed in declaring the KNPB (Komite Nasional Papua Barat –the West Papua National Committee) responsible
for several recent acts of violence in West Papua. These include: an attack on the police station in Abepura in April 2009; arson at the Cenderawasih University in Abepura in April 2009, and killings around the Freeport mine since June 2009 through to January 2010. The ICG’s evidence supporting these assertions is examined in detail and found to be insufficient.

The evidence the ICG relies upon includes selective quoting from Indonesian tabloid press reports, hearsay and discredited interrogation testimonies. A major omission of the ICG’s report is that its authors did not interview the person they identified as the main actor in these events, Victor Yeimo, to give him a chance to respond to the allegations made against him.

The ICG report characterises the KNPB and its vice chairperson Victor Yeimo as militantly radical, promoting the use of violence for achieving the political goal of a referendum on Papuan independence. We have found instead that the KNPB is primarily a media and information clearing house that expresses mainstream views held by a wide spectrum of Papuan civil society and political organisations, as well as the armed wing of the OPM. The KNPB also organises peaceful demonstrations promoting such developments as International Parliamentarians for West Papua, launched at Westminster in 2008.

All this matters because the ICG is widely considered to be a definitive voice in conflict analysis internationally, and its findings are therefore to be taken very seriously. Only weeks after the ICG report was released, major military operations commenced in the highlands of Papua, with very grave consequences for civilian populations living in those areas. The ICG report strengthens the Indonesian government’s position that they are fighting violent guerillas in West Papua rather than a legitimate, popularly backed
resistance movement and the ICG’s views have been echoed in international reporting on the conflict. Furthermore, Victor Yeimo himself is facing serious charges of rebellion for exercising his democratic right to peaceful demonstration, and the ICG report can be seen as compromising the legitimacy of his trial by dangerously skewing perceptions of him and his organisation.

In fleshing out the reality of the KNPB, we have interviewed various key Papuan activists, both in country and in the diaspora, to canvass their views on the KNPB and the level of support for its goals. We have found a high level of support for the organisation and its aims, which undermines the ICG claims that the KNPB’s views are somehow
extremist. All this was brought into sharp relief on June 18, 2010 when a landmark meeting of the peak Papuan representative bodies including the MRP (Majelis Rakyat Papua—the all-Papuan upper house of the Papuan parliament in Jayapura) and leading West Papuan intellectuals and theologians issued 11 recommendations rejecting Special Autonomy and calling for a referendum on independence in West Papua. A march of some thousands of people formally delivered these findings to the Papuan People’s Representative Council, the lower house or DPRP, demanding that the legislators in turn ‘give back’ Special Autonomy to the central government in Jakarta.

Reflecting the level of West Papuan internal and external coordination, almost simultaneously in Vanuatu, which hosts a representative office of the West Papuan National Coalition for Liberation, a motion was passed in parliament explicitly
supporting independence for West Papua and committing the Vanuatu government to work towards that goal, regionally and internationally. This latter commitment would include sponsoring a motion at the United Nations General Assembly to ask the International Court of Justice for an ‘advisory opinion’ on the legality of Indonesia’s
official takeover of West Papua in 1969.

The above events taken together represent a huge challenge for the international community which to date has endlessly repeated its support for the Special Autonomy package as a legitimate, viable way to resolve the West Papua conflict. Indonesia’s obstinacy in failing to implement much of the package has shredded any credibility it
may have had in the eyes of Papuans. While not universally dismissing the Indonesian Institute of Social Sciences (LIPI) Papua Road Map that advocates dialogue, mainstream West Papuan opinion, as evidenced by the June demonstrations and recommendations, is calling for a referendum for independence in addition to dialogue with Jakarta. This will prove a considerable challenge for President Yudhoyono.

In this pressure-cooker situation, the simmering discontent of the West Papuans may well explode. The ICG report has correctly identified the spectre of a civilian massacre along the lines of the Santa Cruz cemetery massacre in Dili, Timor Leste, in 1991. The Papuans have already indicated they intend to push their demands further through non-violent mass protests, which in the past have incurred a heavy-handed military and police response. However the Papuans feel a sense of desperation in their need to attract
international attention to their cause in the face of stonewalling by Jakarta and the ongoing massive inward migration by Indonesians from other provinces. The problems in West Papua were initially created through colonial interference. Should the situation in West Papua deteriorate radically, there would be profound implications for Indonesia as well as Australia, the United States, Papua New Guinea and the European Union. West Papua has become a serious and seriously neglected international issue. It is time to treat it accordingly.

Photos from 8th July rally in Wamena, West Papua

West Papua: Photo News From Wamena Papuan Peoples Demanding REFERENDUM for West Papua.
By WPNews Wamena
Jul 11, 2010, 02:37
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West Papua : Photo News From Timika Papuan Peoples Deman for REFERENDUM for West Papua.
By WPNews Timika
Jul 10, 2010, 03:35
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======================

REFERENDUM IS THE BEST WAY TO WEST PAPUA

KNPB News: Thursday December 8 July 2010 the people of West Papua nation which incorporated and organized by WEST PAPUA NATIONAL COMMITTEE (KNPB) REGION Mimika, West Papua reduce the nation’s approximately 2000 people of Papua in the Timika area. Mimika earth to witness and stated that the referendum is the best solution for problem solving West Papua.

Under the banner of peaceful demonstrations which are carried on “The best way for the people of West Papua is a referendum” and a banner that also under the action of a “nation of West Papua human rights in emergency situations.” Both banners are lowered by the Papua People’s west incorporated in WEST PAPUA NATIONAL COMMITTEE (KNPB) Timika region. Peaceful demonstrations are done on the Thursday on 8 July 2010 is the voice of the people of West Papua nation which is in Timika states that “By the Way we can be free referendum” stressed the head of KNPB Timika.

12:00 pm Time Papua West Papua National Committee Chairman (KNPB) Timika Region ROMARIO YATIPAI explains that the purpose of Peace Demonstration conducted and organized by KNPB Timika Region that:

1. West Papua nation is a nation that has his identity as God’s creation the same with other nations in the world. Recognition as a nation as the skin, characterized by racial Malanesian Black and short Hair must admit that as inhabitants of this paradise Island.
2. We the people of West Papua nation down the road to support the recommendation Papuan People’s Assembly (MRP) at the Great Council of the Papua People’s Assembly of December 9 to 10 June 2010 has given birth and Recommendation 11 of them are already recommended that the Special Autonomy has Failed to return to Jakarta and so Referendum demanded. The referendum demands which were born in the recommendations of the MRP is not because of the failure of special autonomy but the West Papuan People’s Voice Pure, so do not be mistaken that the referendum could be born because the Failure of Special Autonomy.
3. Romario Yatipai asserted that the referendum is the best way for the people of West Papua to Self-Determination Alone in this State. So we invite the people of West Papua nation to unite Steps to an existing exit through IPWP and International level ILWP as international media to the people of West Papua who are ready to resolve the issue of West Papua because referendum OFF PRICE IS SELF-ESTEEM and INDEPENDENCE IS THE NATION WEST PAPUA
human rights are universal rights that must be respected by all people in this world, without exception.
4. Yet that is precisely inversely seen in Papua. Increasingly repressive Indonesian military rampage today in Puncak Jaya regency against civilians, which is a major threat to survival. Innocent people are falling everywhere in the whole of Papua. Violations of human rights problems in Papua is a problem very long time or period. Unfortunately justice and truth never take sides for the people of Papua in shympatizme human rights issues and lighter weight is always the case. It became obvious that the shootings of the late Mr. KELLY KWALIK General has violated the universal declaration of human rights in the world but has been let and has been considered that the assassination was like killing an animal, That’s the presumption that no same riight as a Man of God’s creation must be respected.
5. Violence Negara Indonesia through its ranks like Army-Police truly lethal human rights systematically in all aspects of the course towards the process of Genocide (ethnic cleansing) of the People of Papua as Malanesian. Everything to do to turn off the road in the nation of Papua for the sake of the abundant natural wealth in this country not for the sake of humanity that exists. Above this real condition, the West Papua National Committee (KNPB) invites to all lovers of human values over the Land of Papua for solidarity and join for saying VIOLENCE STATE OPPOSITION top of the Papuan People’s Nation. So our demands, “The immediate international intervention in the Territory of Papua, Papua Because already used as a Military Operations Area (DOM) Volume II, so will the new casualties in the list of human rights violations in West Papua”

14.00 Time of Papua during the action started to go in the yard DPRD Mimika district. The period included in the peace and quiet are very tense Karen security from the Police, NIA, and the Mobile Brigade Detachment B, Densus 88, reduce its personnel with a complete weapon.

6. Mimika Police Chief requested that who led by this action to coordinate so we get a tremendous pressure, as the police chief reprimanded community hard to Romario Yatipai that “Opinions must be submitted in accordance with existing mechanisms in the legislation of the Republic of Indonesia.” In accordance with the existing mechanism as good citizens we have to report to police notice of Action Demonstration. We can conclude that the space of Democracy on Earth the Mimika more of special and general West Papua has been shut by means of the republic of Indonesia because our country staged a peaceful demonstration was always in block by State security forces are Army, Police, BIN, and the Mobile Brigade Densus 88 . This has proven to when KNPB staged Timika Region of Peace, the police chief of Mimika Moch Sagi reprimand with no disrespect to the Mimika KNPB told that Answer Romario Yatipai action.

ATTITUDE OF THE NATIONS POLITICAL DECLARATION OF WEST PAPUA

In this happy occasion we the people of West Papua nation on earth Mimika, Papua, the western states with a real political attitudes that:
1.
We the people of West Papua nation which existed across the Timika region, told the world that a referendum is the best solution for the people of West Papua nation because the problem of West Papua’s political status is a matter of violation of the Act of Free Choice 1969 LAW defective national and international law.
2. We fully support IPWP ILWP as media people and the nation of West Papua in the international world to solve problems through the process of the western Papuan self-determination referendum for West Papua.
3. We urge that IPWP and ILWP well as countries struggle for independence supporters to send troops to West Papua Peace by securing for west Papua Very Emergency situations.
Thus the political statement of the people of this nation we the people of West Papua, Papua nation on earth with a real Timika.

We Must End this!

WEST PAPUA NATIONAL COMMITTEE (KNPB)
TIMIKA REGION

TTD

ROMARIO YATIPAI
Chairman KNPB Timika

•The photos that we attach below are the photographs in Action Peaceful demonstrations are done by the Mimika region in order KNPB OTSUS Returning to Jakarta. The referendum is the nation demands of the people of West Papua. Photo evidence of field in the Peace Action is as follows:

We Call the Worl to Help West Papua People !

T

ayapura Photo News: Demanding REFERENDUM for West Papua NO Autonomy.
By KNPB Timika
Jul 9, 2010, 05:09
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Thousands Rally in West Papua: Reject Special Autonomy, Demand Referendum on Independence
By Jacques Friedman
Jul 9, 2010, 04:45
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by Jacques Friedman
Thursday Jul 8th, 2010 5:21 PM
International news agencies have reported on the mass rally in Jayapura, capital of Indonesia’s Papua province. Thousands of people joined a long march, walking 17 km from the MRP (Majelis Rakyat Papua – Papua People’s Assembly) to the DPRP (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Papua – Papuan Provincial Legislature), rejecting the Special Autonomy granted by Indonesia in 2001 and demanding a referendum on West Papuan independence and an internationally-mediated dialogue with Jakarta. As protesters joined the rally from several points in the city, the crowd – claimed by media to number just a few thousand – swelled to nearly 20,000. They occupied the grounds of the provincial legislature under the watchful eye of police and army units.

long_march_jayapura.jpg

Situation tense as police permit protesters to spend the night at Papuan legislature

International news agencies have reported on the mass rally in Jayapura, capital of Indonesia’s Papua province. Thousands of people joined a long march, walking 17 km from the MRP (Majelis Rakyat Papua – Papua People’s Assembly) to the DPRP (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Papua – Papuan Provincial Legislature), rejecting the Special Autonomy granted by Indonesia in 2001 and demanding a referendum on West Papuan independence and an internationally-mediated dialogue with Jakarta. As protesters joined the rally from several points in the city, the crowd – claimed by media to number just a few thousand – swelled to nearly 20,000. They occupied the grounds of the provincial legislature under the watchful eye of police and army units.

Aug 3 Special Session of DPRP to decide on Otsus handback

Latest developments:

Confirmed from sources inside West Papua.

Fordem leaders have just finished meeting with all DPRP members. They all decided by consensus to mediate a full and formal meeting of academics, Otsus (Special Autonomy) legal advisers, economic, social, political experts, and executive and legislative civil servants from all over West Papua to sit down together in a formal forum to discuss the failure of Otsus. Then a special formal session of parliament will take the decision to the Indonesian president. This will take place within 3 weeks.

Both DPRP and Papuan Leaders have decided unanimously that a special session of DPRP will be held on August 3.

Papuan struggle enters new phase

Papuan struggle enters new phase

by Jason Macleod

July 9 2010

Yesterday twenty thousand indigenous Papuans many in indigenous dress, walked and danced their way through the streets from Kotaraja to the city centre in Jayapura. Shops shut in the busy student suburb of Abepura and in the downtown business centre, unwittingly turning the march into a strike. Thousands more converged on the Provincial Parliament building in the capital, occupying it overnight. Demonstrators completely overwhelmed police through sheer volume of numbers. This is the largest civilian based mobilisation since the Papuan Spring of 1998-2000.

After more than forty years of harsh occupation there is a new feeling amongst Papuans in Indonesia’s restive Pacific periphery. Groups previously divided are now working together towards the same goal: a rejection of Special Autonomy, commonly known as Otsus; a package of finance, policy and legislation introduced by Jakarta in 2001 to quell Papuan demands for independence.
The occupation of the parliament building has been brewing for years but the plan took shape over the last month.

On 9-10 June the Papuan Peoples Assembly (Majelis Rakyat Papua or MRP), a kind of rubber stamp Indigenous senate, held an open forum to evaluate Otsus. The conclusion was that Otsus had failed, or “totally failed” as Papuans emphasise. The reasons are clear. Otsus promised protection and prosperity. Instead torture and human rights violations by the security forces worsened, migrants continued to pour into the province, further marginalising indigenous Papuans, and the multinational oil, gas, mining, and timber companies (like BP and Freeport-Rio Tinto) continued to operate business as usual, safe in the knowledge that the military is keeping a repressive lid on boiling Papuan anger. As Benny Giay, a spokesperson for Forum Demokrasi Rakyat Papua Bersatu (the Democratic Forum of the United Papuan People or FORDEM for short) who organised the demonstration says, “Otsus threatens the existence of indigenous Papuans in the land of their ancestors. That is why we say Otsus has totally failed.”

On 18 June 15,000 Papuans from seven districts coordinated by the United Democratic Forum of Papuan People converged on the DPRP to officially hand over the people’s decision. FORDEM leaders demanded that the DPRP sign an agreement to hand back Otsus to Jakarta in no less than three weeks. Yesterday the DPRP’s time was up.

In the past the Papuan movement has been targeting Jakarta and the international community, asking others to give them independence while their own political representatives wait on the next injection of cash from Jakarta. This time is different. Papuans are targeting their own leaders. FORDEM is demanding that the provincial legislature in Papua (the DPRP) convenes a special session to return Special Autonomy to Jakarta. The goal may be more modest than independence, but it is more achievable. Papuans are getting their own house in order.

That doesn’t mean it will be easy. Papuan political parties are banned. All the political parties represented in Papua are national Indonesian parties with their head office in Jakarta. Papuan political interests are marginal to elites in Jakarta. At the grassroots Jakarta may have lost its legitimacy years ago but Papuan’s political representatives sing to Jakarta’s tune. If FORDEM can secure the DPRP’s agreement to hand back Otsus then Papuan noncooperation with Jakarta will be total.

Papuans understand Jakarta will do everything they can to derail and dilute Papuan demands including using force if they believe they can get away with it. The pretext for this will be to prevent a referendum on Papuan independence, Jakarta’s worst nightmare. A number of Papuan leaders know this but are under intense pressure from grassroots constituents to accept nothing less. But to push for a referendum now could mean risking losing everything else as well. The challenge for Papuan strategists is to secure tangible victories that Jakarta will concede to, but also one they can sell to the restive masses that have come to the capital to usher in independence. At the least that will include concessions like opening up Papua to international journalists, releasing political prisoners, and ensuring there is freedom of expression. But for a people who value dialogue, Papuans also want Jakarta to listen to them, to sit down and talk about their grievances. This includes the fraudulent transfer of sovereignty from the Dutch to the Indonesian government during the 1960s.

Publicly, Provincial Parliamentarians are still refusing to meet with the protesters, although privately a block of ten have said they support FORDEM’s demand. This morning after negotiation with protest leaders police have extended the permit to protest for another day. As one protest leader says, “We have won one day. We are building the Papuan spirit to struggle.” Whether the Papuan protesters win their immediate goal for a special parliamentary session to return Otsus to Jakarta is not yet clear. But for now Papuans have won valuable political space.

FORDEM activists occupy the DPRP building. July 8 2010.

Jason MacLeod teaches civil resistance at the University of Queensland and is a researching Papuan nonviolent social movements.

Media Alert: 12:30pm 12 July 2010. Papuan protest leaders from FORDEM (Forum Demokrasi) are currently in negotiation with DPRP members for a date for a special session of parliament. FORDEM has given the DPRP until 19 July to organise a date.

Media Alert:

12:30pm 12 July 2010. Papuan protest leaders from FORDEM (Forum Demokrasi) are currently in negotiation with DPRP members for a date for a special session of parliament.

FORDEM has given the DPRP until 19 July to organise a date.