Category Archives: Human Rights Report

Nduga Investigation Team calls for Jokowi to end enforced disappearances and human rights abuses

Press Release – Nduga Human Rights Investigation Team

December 15, 202

(WPM TRANSLATION and edited for clarity – apologies for delay in publication)

HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION CASES ARE BECOMING DEEPLY ENTRANCED IN NDUGA AND THROUGHOUT PAPUAN SOCIETIES

Civilians are always the victims of the barrel of the gun, the fate of the Internally Displaced People (IDPs) who continue to die in the IDP camps are often ignored, and are considered of no value. They were often seen as sub-humans abandoned to suffer and die with no government assistance in the jungles and IDP camps.  After the massacre of PT Istaka Karya employees, on December 2nd, 2018, on Mount Kabo, it is now more than 2 years, the war between TPNPB led by Egianus Kogoya and Indonesian Military and Police (TNI / POLRI) continue to this day which continues to claim lives from both sides TNI / POLRI and OPM / TPNPB. The victims referred to are not only defending parties, but unarmed civilians have also fallen casualty as victims of torture, victims of arrest, victims of sweeping, and burning of people’s houses, and these civilian victims who were tortured by the TNI apparatus or died of illnesses.

Victims continue to fall, because neither party has expressed their willingness to either carry out peace negotiations, or listen to the plea for peace talks by the general public, both; TNI / POLRI and OPM / TPNPB still maintain their respective ideologies to this day, armed conflict still continues to this day. Both parties do not realize that civilians are experiencing casualties and material losses. In our view this war will not stop, but will have the impact of taking a lot of casualties down with it. Due to the uncompromising positions of the two groups TNI / POLRI and OPM / TPNPB there has been no agreement on peace negotiations or a ceasefire.

We already knew that the war between TNI / POLRI and TPNPB has been initiated by various groups / institutions, and the Regional Government of Papua Province (through the Governor) has conveyed an official position at the Papua Provincial Assembly (DPRP) session, to immediately withdraw Non-Organic troops from Nduga Regency. However, there has been no serious response from the Central Government (in Jakarta), instead they (Regional Government) were considered to be defending OPM, and accused of being Separatists by the Central government in Jakarta. The Church, NGOs and the international community have also appealed to the central government to immediately withdraw non-organic troops, and stop military operations, but there was no response from the Government of Republic of Indonesia. Meanwhile, the Nduga report has been submitted to State Officials in Jakarta, and responsible state institutions including the National Commission of Representatives from Papua (DPD) and the National Commission for Human Rights.

Up to this day we do not yet know the realization of the development of the case in question, from the party that is the policy maker.

CIVILIANS HAVE BEEN THE VICTIMS OF THE ARMED CONFLICT EVER SINCE. Since 2018 the civilian population has fallen victims, who were shot during the operation from 4-15 December 2018, some died in the forest on the way because of hunger, some died of heavy bombardment from air, water sources and food gardens were destroyed due to heavy bombardment from air, some died in the forest in refugee camps, some mothers died while giving birth in the forest because there was no medical assistance, some were burned in their homes alive, some were shot and buried after being caught. Some people died at the refugee camp because they were sick and hungry. The Papua Justice and Human Integrity Foundation, a foundation based in Jayawijaya Regency, has record a number of victims of around 243 Nduga Indigenous people and 20 Non-Papuans. Non-Papuans were (PT Istaka Karya employees) approximately 17 people. 16 people were evacuated to Timika and 1 of them was evacuated to Wamena, 4 of whom are suspected of missing. The number of victims of violence in Nduga Regency continues to increase, but we have not yet collected data on the number of physical victims and also the number of victims who died in displacement, since 2019-2020, but the number of victims who died in refugee camps is still increasing. Refugees are still living in several districts including (the Regencies of) Jayawijaya, Lani Jaya, Timika, Jayapura, Yahukimo, Nduga, and the capital city of Kenyam, while others are still scattered in the jungles.

LAST CASE

On September 28, 2020 there was an arrest incident accompanied by torture and murder of Tapania Wasiangge and Anle Gwijangge, both of them were village officers of Kiyabikma Village, Mbulmu Yalma District in Nduga Regency. The two victims in question were arrested, tortured, killed and then subject to enforced disappearances by TNI members from Pos Mbua and Dal. The incident in question occurred while they were in one of the honai traditional houses, in Grukwarak village, Kiyakbima village, Mbulmu Yalma district. The reasons for the arrest, torture and murder of forced disappearance against Tepania Wasiangge and Anle Gwijangge, were (they were) suspected and accused (by TNI) of being members of the OPM / TPNPB ( Armed Separatist Group). Prior to the incident on September 28, 2020, on September 26, 2020, members of the TNI under the leadership of Lt. Inf Anggis and Lt. Inf Andreas Siregar Serda Heru Handoko built guard posts using tarpaulin tents at several points in the Mbulmu Yalma district. Then on September 28, 2020, the two residents, Tepania Wasiangge and Anle Gwijangge were arrested in Grukwarak village while they were in their house.

After the Nduga Regency Government received information on the arrest, torture and attempts of enforced disappearances against the two village officials, on October 5, 2020, the Nduga Regency Government together with the Regional Representative Council of the District of Nduga Regency formed a joint team, the team in question consisting of the Regional Government, DPRD Nduga Regency , Religious leaders, NGOs (defenders of human rights) and youth leaders. On October 9, 2020, the investigation team travelled to the Place of incident to investigate cases of forced arrests and disappearances by TNI officers.

Around 19:15 pm West Papua time, the investigation team arrived in Mbua District and reported the 756 Wim Anesili Army Battalion post in Mbua, on the 10th October 2020, at around 7:59 am, the team had a short meeting with Danrem 172 Papua. After the meeting, Investigation team continued the journey to Mbulmu yalma District, at around 09:30 am the team arrived at the district in question. The Investigation Team had met several eye witnesses and had bagged some of the evidence (BB) used by members of the Indonesian National Army, and including the remains of the victim’s bones, the bones in question (that) were found in honai that had been burned by members of the Indonesian National Army. Some of the evidences found at the scene of the case include:

1.      the remains of small bones in the honai that has been burned.

2.      Some burnt zinc (roofing iron)

3.      Charcoal from the walls of the house

4.      a small rattan rope

5.      Place for the Army Apparatus Camp and cans and plastic used for food from the military apparatus

6.      1 pair of gloves

7.      Syringe 1.50 cm in size

8.      1 piece of plastic spoil

9.      Kasa Sterile 6 Plastic Mx16 cm, filled in black plastic

During the investigation process, the investigation team strongly suspected that the perpetrators of the enforced disappearance against Tepania Wasiangge and Anle Gwijangge were members of the TNI. According to witness testimony submitted to the Investigation team on October 10th, 2020, the two victims were arrested in Grukwarak village, still alive, and were directed straight up into the forest to the Bigam mountain, Bulmu yalma district. The two victims did not carry weapons (Pistol) for that matter. TNI members also never showed an arrest warrant for the two victims who were suspected as suspects. In the process of arrest, there was actually no form of resistance by the two victims against the Indonesian National Army (TNI).

COMMUNITY CONDITIONS IN MBUA, DAL, AND MBULMU YALMA DISTRICTS

The people from the three districts, Mbua District, Dal District, and Mbulmu Yalma District have lost their courage and freedom to do all their daily activities such as gardening, looking for firewood, and so on, they are full of fear of members of the Indonesian National Army. Community activities in the three districts of Mbua, Dal and Mbulmu Yalma have not been like before; they do not feel free to carry out their daily activities, because the area is controlled by the TNI / Polri apparatus. People who want to do activities always experience fear and trauma. They have also felt that they have lost their right to freedom of work in their own villages. People who felt that they had lost their right to freedom expressed openly that, we were limited by soldiers from the army not to work in the garden, not turning on the lights, and not going out of the house in the afternoon and at night.

The TNI members took the lighting equipment belonging to civilians in the houses during the search. So that lighting cannot be used, people in the three districts until now, only use fire as a means of lighting. The community also told us that if they start a fire in their house they always covered the fire with pieces of iron roofing, because if the TNI members see the fires they could shoot at them, so they always cover the fire with iron roofing or something. We hope that the Government and members of the TNI / POLRI who are assigned to these areas will give freedom to local people in the three districts of Mbua, Dal and Mbulmu yalma, so that people can also carry out activities freely in their own villages.

Recommendation

1. We ask the President Ir. Joko Widodo, as the Commander-in-Chief, as immediately responsible for the efforts of enforced disappearances done by the TNI apparatus against Tepania Wasiangge and Anle Gwijangge, who are village officials in Mbulmu Yalma District, Nduga Regency.

2 We ask the President of Republic Indonesia, Ir. Joko Widodo to immediately withdraw non-organic troops from Papua, especially in Nduga Regency

3. We ask the President of Republic of Indonesia, Ir. Joko Widodo immediately try the perpetrators of the attempted enforced disappearance namely Lt. Inf. Anggis, Letda Inf Andreas Siregar, Serka Heru Handoko, in accordance with the applicable law.

4. The families of victims ask the President to allow the UN Special Rapporteur, United Nations, to monitor the situation of human rights in Nduga and Papua.

5. The family asks the President of the Republic of Indonesia to immediately allow international journalists to cover the human rights situation in Nduga and Papua.

6. If some of the points above are not fulfilled, then we, the people of Nduga ask for protection of humanitarian asylum {by UN peacekeepers- WPM Eds}.

7. We urge the Human Rights Commission to monitor and investigate cases of suspected human rights violations in Nduga Regency.

15 December 2020

Nduga Investigation Team, namely,

1. Nduga Regency Government

2. Regional Representative Council of the District of Nduga Regency

3. Papua Justice and Human Integrity Foundation (Human Rights Defender)

4. Representative of Religious Leaders

5. Representatives of Youth leaders

6. Representatives of Women Leaders

Indon police begin another crackdown on KNPB activists ahead of May 31 mobilisations

by West Papua Media

May 30, 2016

Indonesian police have arrested scores of West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat) members around Papua on May 30, as Papuan civil society is gearing up for a day a mass mobilizations to sustain pressure brought on by the massive May 3 rallies, where Indonesian security forces beat hundreds of people and arrested close to 2300 people.

KNPB members across Papua were handing out pamphlets calling on West Papuan society to rally on May 31 for international mediation to allow West Papuans to exercise their universal human rights of Self-Determination, long denied by Indonesia.

The May 31 rally will also be demonstrating Papuan support for the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) bid for full membership of the Melanesian Spearhead Group, which was due to meet in Port Moresby this week, but the meeting has been postponed.

In Jayapura, 24 KNPB members were arrested at 1250pm outside the office of Papua Province Governor Lukas Enembe, at Dock 2 Jayapura whilst handing out flyers. Together with the Chairman KNPB (Numbay Area), Mr. Calvin Wenda &
the 
Chief Diplomatic Commissioner from KNPB’s Central Committee, Mr. Cobabe Waninbo, they were taken and held at Jayapura Police headquarters.  

At time of writing, no response had occurred to WPM attempts to contact Jayapura police regarding charges or time of release.

According to KNPB sources, Police have alleged that the leaflets contain subversive material, and all gatherings of KNPB members are illegal as the organisation is forbidden from registration as a legal by a Jakarta mandate, despite the rights allegedly afforded to Papuan people under the long since abandoned “Special Autonomy” provisions, and guaranteed to all other Indonesian citizens.

Riot Police belonging to the Dalmas public order unit at 1420 swooped on the Yapis bus stop outside Abepura, and arrested all 34 KNPB Members handing out the allegedly subversive leaflets, confiscating them as well as personal possessions. 

In Wamena, several KNPB activist were chased, arrested and beaten by Indonesian police for handing out the flyers outside the KNPB Baliem office, activists had just begun leafletting for the May 31 mobilisation when Brimob police swooped and captured 21 of the KNPB activists.  

Their names are as follows: 

  1. Warpo Sampari Wetipo
  2. Hasan Kogoya
  3. Marta Haluk
  4. Mardi Heluka
  5. Hery Kosay
  6. Firdaus Hilapok
  7. Paska Iyaba
  8. Marsel Marian,
  9. Melianus Kosay
  10. Hiron Hiluka
  11. Yufry Kogoya
  12. Pilemon Meaga
  13. Domy Meaga
  14. Manu Wuka
  15. Martinus Wamu
  16. Deminus Qantik
  17. Ardis Wilil
  18. Nuber Surabut
  19. Mely Wantik
  20. Asa Asso
  21. Yulius Towolom.


Earlier, Three KNPB activists –  Darpinus Bayage, Ison Bahabol and Amiter Bahabol – were arrested for leafletting the same flyers at 1025am in  Dekai town, Yahukimo, outside the local Bupati (Regent’s) 
office.

According to witnesses of the arrest, interviewed by a WPM stringer, the three KNPB activists were beaten as they were taken to the paddy wagon, and the witnesses reported that they believed the detainees were being “even more severely beaten once the got taken away in the vehicle.

At time of writing, the three were still being detained at the Yakuhimo police station.
A KNPB source in Yahukimo, Marten Suhun, said “despite intimidation and torture happening in Yahukimo, but we KNPB will stay out on the streets (on May 31) according to the (KNPB) national agenda.”

westpapuamedia

Police should investigate the collision which killed Robert Jitmau now

Robert Jitmau, a respected Papuan activist who fought for the rights of Papuan women market traders, died in the early hours of May 20th, after being hit by a car. While the incident may have been entirely accidental, many people in Papua are concerned that the police have assumed this conclusion before conducting a proper investigation to eliminate the possibility that his death was deliberate.

The press release translated below, from the legal team following up the incident, can be read at http://papuaitukita.net/polisi-segera-selidiki-kasus-penabrakan-robert-jitmau/

Police should investigate the collision which killed Robert Jitmau now.

Press Release: Legal team for the case of Robert Jitmau, killed in a car crash.

Jayapura, 27 May 2016

On the morning of 20th May 2016, Robert Jitmau died after being hit by an Inova car bearing a police numberplate (DS1497 AO) on an entrance to the ring road in Hamedi, near Jayapura.

Before the crash, Robert Jitmau had been picked up from Entrop by Yusup Sraun and Alpius Jitmau, and then went towards Dok V and afterwards to the TVRI station in Bhayangkara. From Bhayangkara Robert and his two friends went to the Hotel Aston where Yusup Sraun got out of the car to met Krispus Kambuaya at the hotel. The four men then went towards Entrop and then to the ring road. They used two cars, with Krispus Kambuaya travelling alone.

Shortly after arriving at the ring road, Robert Jitmau called two companions, Nehemia Yarinap and Melianus Duwitau, asking them to come to the ring road. Shortly after 04.00am the two friends arrived at the Ring Road on motorbike taxis. Robert sat down and chatted to them. The crash which killed him took place shortly afterwards.

The police have told local media that the crash which killed Robert Jitmau was completely accidental. They have also stated that they have questioned witnesses Yusup Sraun, Krispus Kambuaya, Nehemia Yarinap and Musa Rujatobi, as well as three people believed to be responsible for the crash: Herep Patay (the owner of the vehicle with police number plates DS1497 AO), Ronald Edwin Metiaman and Dolfinus Abraham Sefia.

In the police statement to the media the police didn’t mention that:
1. There was a fight between one of Robert’s friends, Nehemia Yarinap, and someone who got out of the car that crashed into him.
2. The police have not yet questioned another friend, Melianus Duwitau, who was at the incident location. Melianus Duwitau is still being treated in the Dian Haarapan Hospital as he was also injured in the crash.
3. Also, the whereabouts of Alpius Jitmau are still unknown, even though he was a witness who was present when the incident took place.

Unfortunately however, the police have been too fast to draw the conclusion that Robert Jitmau’s death was a purely accidental traffic collision, even before all the witnesses to the incident had been questioned.

The police have been given the authority to unearth the facts, and have a duty to conduct a full and professional investigation, prioritising the truth and justice over all other interests.

Because of this, the Legal Team for the Robert Jitmau case are asking the police to carry out a thorough, full, comprehensive and transparant investigation of this case before coming to any conclusions about the collision which killed Robert Jitmau.

ends

Indigenous people and activists demonstrate against oil palm expansion,in Sorong

[awasMIFEE note: as the indigenous people of Sorong, Nabire, Merauke and
elsewhere around Papua continue to resist oil palm expansion, there now
appears to be some hope that the government is responding. It appears
that President Joko Widodo’s comments last April that he was preparing a
moratorium on all new oil palm permits are being followed up. Professor
San Afri Awang, the Director-General of Forestry Planology and
Environmental Governance, has stated that “We have rejected and
terminated the licensing process for all new palm oil plantations
submitted by 61 companies for an area of more than 851 thousand
hectares.” All 61 applications were from Papua, West Papua and Central
Kalimantan provinces. The President is reportedly preparing a
Presidential Instruction to give a legal framework for the moratorium.
Of course, until this is published and we see how it is being
implemented, it is not possible to know how much meaningful change this
policy might bring]

Source: Cahaya Papua

English Translation: AwasMifee

Peringati Harkitnas Masyarakat Adat Papua Demo Perusahaan Sawit
(foto: sindonews.com)

 

Hundreds of indigenous people and activists from a range of backgrounds,
demonstrated at the Sorong Regency District Legislative Council to
demand a stop to the expansion of oil palm which has already destroyed
thousands of hectares of forest in the area.

This action is also to show their support for the central government
which last month started talking about a moratorium on new land for oil
palm in Indonesia.

“All work on oil palm plantations across Sorong Regency must be stopped,
because thousands of hectares of the people’s forest has already been
destroyed”, participants shouted out during speeches outside the council
building.

The indigenous people and activists which have joined the movement to
oppose land clearing for oil palm are comprised of young Moi
intellectuals, the Malamoi Indigenous People’s Association and Moi
people who care for the Malamoi forest, youth and student movements
(GMNI, GAMKI, GMKI, the Association of Moi students in Sorong
Muhammadiyah University (Himamus) and the Moi Students’ Association in
Indonesia (Himamsi)). The action started on foot from the public ground
in Aimas, the Sorong Regency capital.

The chair of the Sorong Branch of the Indonesian National Student
Movement, Manu Mobalan stated that they were also opposing new land for
oil palm as a protest against the behaviour of existing oil palm
plantations in Sorong, which have destroyed the forest in the area.

“The oppression of ordinary people is increasing, which means we need a
opposition movement to save the Malamoi forest. Investors do not look
after the interest of oppressed people”, said Manu.

Wilson Mobalen, a demonstrator, stressed that all people should have the
right to self determination in their home country, which means they can
do withoutd oil palm.

“Our fate is not determined by oil palm but by God. Forest and Nature
have taught and raised us. Oil palm is not the right recipe for Papuan
people, especially the Moi people. God is the one who decides our fate”,
he said.

The demonstration took place under the surveillance of hundreds of
officers from the Sorong Regency police station. Once they had
communicated their demands, the crowds dispersed in an orderly way.

Separately, Greenpeace forest campaigner, Richard Charles Tawaru said
that essentially, the indigenous people’s demonstration had underlined
that the community did not want any more oil palm expansion in Sorong
Regency.

“The people have had bad experiences with oil palm, which has brought no
benefits, but has caused the forest to disappear along with animals for
hunting, and water sources are reduced,” Charles said when called from
Manokwari last night.

The demonstrators used the example of two oil palm companies that are
already operating in the area, PT Henrison Inti Persada, which started
its plantation in Klamono in 2006 and PT Inti Kebun Sejahtera, which has
been in the Salawati area since 2008.

The demo was also to show community opposition to plans to clear another
24000 hectares of land for oil palm in the area, which had already been
granted an in-principle permit by the government.

The planned expansion would take place in Klaili, Klasow and Moraid
sub-districts, by two companies from the same group: PT Mega Mustika
Plantation has permits for over 9300 hectares and PT Cipta Papua
Plantation has permits for over 15000 hectares.

According to Charles, these permits originated in the Sorong Regency
Forest Management Unit(KPH) scheme which was suggested by the Sorong
local government and agreed to by the forestry ministry. Chalres said
that even the forestry ministry had granted permits for this vast new
oil palm project.

Source: Cahaya Papua

Tolak Ekspansi Sawit, Masyarakat Adat dan Aktivis Geruduk DPRD Sorong

We Will Lose Everything: CJPC Brisbane’s shadow fact finding mission finds no improvement in human rights in West Papua

WE WILL LOSE EVERYTHING: A Report on a Human Rights Fact Finding Mission to West Papua

Conducted by the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission of the Archdiocese of Brisbane

1 May 2016

CJPC Brisbane’s report on its shadow human rights fact finding mission to West Papua this year finds that there is no improvement in human rights in West Papua.

It calls for action at the UN to investigate human rights abuses and for the Indonesian Government to negotiate with the United Liberation Movement for West Papua to find a pathway towards self determination.

“We will lose everything!” This was the grim prediction made by the four members of the Executive of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) when they presented their three year campaign strategy to a Brisbane meeting of representatives of solidarity groups from around the South Pacific in January 2016. When ULMWP Secretary-General, Octovianus Mote, uttered these words on behalf of his colleagues, both the anguish of the people of West Papua and their grim determination to overcome their oppression was evident in his voice. Faced with becoming a small minority in their own land within a few short years and living with unrelenting intimidation and brutality at the hands of the Indonesian Government’s security apparatus together with rapidly growing economic and social marginalisation, he stressed the need for urgent action to stop the violence in their land and to secure an international commitment to give their people a genuine opportunity to freely determine their future. The message was clear. The situation in West Papua is fast approaching a tipping point. In less than five years, the position of Papuans in their own land will be worse than precarious. They are already experiencing a demographic tidal wave. Ruthless Indonesian political, economic, social and cultural domination threatens to engulf the proud people who have inhabited the land they call Tanah Papua for thousands of years.

One week after the meeting in Brisbane, a two person delegation from the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission of the Archdiocese of Brisbane set foot on Papuan soil to speak to Papuans directly about their situation. The Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Leaders Summit in Port Moresby in September 2015 had agreed to send a human rights fact-finding mission to West Papua, but the Indonesian Government has not allowed this to happen. One of the Commission’s objectives in sending the delegation was to build relationships with the Church in West Papua for future collaboration on human rights and environmental issues. However, because of the Indonesian Government’s unwillingness to accept a PIF mission, our delegation effectively became the first of a number of shadow human rights fact finding missions to West Papua from the Pacific.

Read the full report at the https://cjpcbrisbane.files.wordpress.com/2016/05/we-will-lose-everything-may-2016.pdf