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Papuans Behind Bars October 2014: ‘Bloody Yotefa’: police turn a blind eye to violence against indigenous Papuans

From our partners at Papuans Behind Bars, with additional reporting from West Papua Media and JPIC

17 November 2014

At the end of October 2014, there were at least 69 political prisoners in
Papuan gaols.

At least 46 members of the West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) were arrested in Jayapura and Merauke this month for participating in peaceful demonstrations. The demonstrators were urging the Indonesian government to release two French journalists who faced trial for breaching immigration rules.

In likely reference to the Social Organisations Law (RUU Organisasi Kemasyarakatan, RUU Ormas), police claimed during the mass arrests that the KNPB is an illegal organisation as it is not registered with the Department of National Unity and Politics (Kesatuan Bangsa dan Politik, Kesbangpol) and affiliated symbols or attributes are also therefore illegal. Last June, police conducted a mass arrest in Boven Digoel under the same auspices.  Indonesian human rights group Imparsial challenged the shutting down of peaceful demonstrations in Jayapura and Merauke, stating that freedom of expression in Papua is the worst in Indonesia, particularly when it comes to the treatment of KNPB rallies. The criminalisation of peaceful demonstrations, often under the auspices of the Ormas Law, restricts democratic space and stigmatises Papuan civil society groups.

On 27 October, two French journalists, Thomas Dandois and Valentine
Bourrat, were released after 11 weeks in detention. However, Lanny Jaya
tribal leader Areki Wanimbo, who was arrested alongside the pair, still
faces charges of conspiracy to commit treason. Lawyers from the Democracy Alliance for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, ALDP) have stated that the legal process for Wanimbo has been fraught with irregularities and that his case has been handled unprofessionally. Wanimbo faces charges different to those he was first accused of, and unsuitable evidence was used to build a case against him. The decision to impose a two-and-a-half-month prison sentence on the two journalists instead of acquitting them was a harsh blow for the campaign to open access to Papua. As noted by Human Rights Watch researcher Andreas Harsono, foreign journalists face a complex system of applying for visas to Papua, which requires the approval of 18 different government agencies – a process that severely restricts journalistic access. It remains to be seen whether Indonesian president Joko Widodo will make good on his promise of opening access to Papua.

Bloody Yotefa

In our July update we raised concerns regarding an incident which has come to be known as ‘Bloody Yotefa,’ that took place on 2 July at Yotefa market in Abepura. Early reports stated that three Papuan men were killed following a police raid on a gambling den at Yotefa market.  At least four Papuan men from the Central Highlands were tortured and 40 people arrested according to a Report from the Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation Desk (Keadilan, Perdamaian dan Keutuhan Ciptaan, KPKC) of the Evangelical Christian Church (Gereja Kristen Injili, GKI). Following the raid on the market, police arrested and handed over two Papuans, including a 14-year-old boy, to a mob of non-indigenous Papuans who publicly tortured and beat them while police stood by, later continuing the job themselves at Bhayangkara Police Hospital. While police beatings, torture and killings of indigenous Papuans are not new phenomena, the public involvement of non-indigenous mobs to achieve this is a particular low point.

Bloody Yotefa challenges the government perspective that torture and killings are carried out by a rogue police in isolated cells, showing instead that these arbitrary violations are becoming social events in which the non-indigenous community can participate. This dynamic
perpetuates a culture of fear and domination in which indigenous Papuans are exposed to constant risk of public violence, even in traditionally ‘safe’ spaces such as hospitals and university campuses. Police discrimination and profiling of indigenous Papuans, especially those who come from the Central Highlands, makes them still more vulnerable to public torture, violence and arbitrary arrest.

You can read the full update here:
http://www.papuansbehindbars.org/?p=3252

Papuans Behind Bars team

Papua-Wide meeting calls for 10 year Moratorium on Plantation and Forestry Industries

From our partners at AwasMifee

Between 4th-7th November 2014, representatives of indigenous communities, environmentalists and human rights defenders from every corner of West Papua met in Jayapura to discuss problems linked to the forestry and large-scale plantation industries, which in recent years have been expanding rapidly throughout the island.

This was an important meeting, as the difficulties and expense of travel around Papua means that communities are frequently isolated to face the companies alone, even though the problems they face are remarkably similar.

With many more plantation companies set to start operations within the next few years, and timber companies still keen to harvest high-value logs, it is also vital to share the (often bitter) experiences of communities which have already seen how these industries operate, and also to formulate some common platform of demands with which to confront government and policy makers.

Participants at the event heard about the long-term injustices connected with plantations in Jayapura, Keerom and Boven Digoel, where land was taken with military backing during the Suharto dictatorship causing problems which are still not resolved. In Papua’s deep south, participants told of how they have been marginalised by plantations connected to the MIFEE agribusiness development. Others from Sorong, Nabire and Mimika, told of how they were unprepared for the problems which started unfolding as the companies moved in. Delegates from Bintuni and Wondama Bays explained how the effects of the timber industry on communities are no less destructive.

In many of these cases, the same problems could be seen to emerge time and time again: intimidation from military and police officers supporting the companies, loss of livelihood as the forest is destroyed, companies’ broken promises to bring development to communities, environmental problems such as pollution, flooding and loss of water sources. Taking all this into account, the participants agreed to call on all agencies involved in allowing these industries to address these problems.

Top of the list was a call for a 10 year moratorium into for large-scale plantation and forestry investment, during which time part violations should be resolved, and the challenge of finding a way that these industries could exist on indigenous land without disadvantaging indigenous people. Hopefully we will translate some of the testimony on this site soon, in the meantime here is the full list of recommendations:

Organisations involved in organising the event were: Yaysan Pusaka, Greenpeace Papua, SKP Jayapura, Jerat Papua, Foker LSM Papua and Jasoil Papua. A copy of this declaration in Indonesian together with a list of participants can be found at: http://pusaka.or.id/demo/assets/REKOMENDASI-TEMU-RAKYAT-ADAT-KORBAN-PAPUA-Nov-2014.pdf

RECOMMENDATIONS

Meeting of Community Victims of the Forestry and Large-scale Plantation Industries.

Dialogue on Building a Green Economy and Sustainable Development

Today, Friday the seventh of November two thousand and fourteen, in the Maranatha Convent, Waena, Jayapura,

After hearing and discussing Reports of Victims of the Forestry and Large-scale Plantation Industries from throughout the land of Papua, and also discussing various developments in development policy, we as representatives of indigenous communities from twelve Regencies or cities throughout the land of Papua, want to hereby make clear that the state has violated and ignored our human rights, by not protecting, respecting and advancing the rights of indigenous communities throughout the land of Papua, including: acts of discrimination, repression and expropriation of what rightfully belongs to indigenous people throughout Papua. These human rights violations, which have occurred between 1982 and 2014, have caused great loss for indigenous people, as their social and cultural fabric and their natural environment disappear. Because of this, we as representatives of indigenous people who have suffered because of the forestry and large-scale plantation industries, coming from twelve regencies and cities, hereby state the following:

1. To the President of the Republic of Indonesia, to issue a ten-year moratorium on forestry and large-scale plantation development throughout the land of Papua. During the moratorium period, the government would resolve the different problems and violations of indigenous communities’ rights that have already occurred, and amend policies and legislation currently in force in the land of Papua.

2. To the Governors of Papua and West Papua Provinces, to reconsider all policies concerning the granting of permits for the forestry and large-scale plantation industries which disadvantage indigenous people across the land of Papua.

3 To the Commander of Military District XVII Cenderawasih Command and the Papuan Police Chief, to discipline and take action against any members of the military and police forces who openly participate in pressurising and intimidating indigenous people that wish to defend their rights throughout the land of Papua. Also to take action against members of the forces who are either directly engaged in illegal business involving forest products, or back-up and protect others in such businessses.

4. To Bupatis and city mayors throughout the land of Papua, to end the practice of unconditionally giving out permits and recommendations in the forestry and large-scale plantation sector.

5 To the honourable members of the Papuan and West Papua People’s Assemblies (MRP), to hold a Special Dialogue with the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, and the Environment and Forestry Ministry, concerning making changes in policy and regulations related to forestry and large-scale plantation investment in the land of Papua, both ongoing and in the future, which would be based on indigenous peoples’ rights and the spirit of Papuan Special Autonomy.

6 To the Provincial Legislative Councils in Papua and West Papua, to form a Special Committee to conduct investigations into the violations of indigenous communities’ human rights in the land of Papua, which are a result of policies and investment activities in the forestry and large-scale plantation sector.

7 To Customary Tribal Councils throughout the land of Papua, to organise reconciliation and customary assemblies in each area to map the customary lands of each tribe/ethnic group and follow up the findings of this Meeting of Community Victims of the Forestry and Large-scale Plantation Industries.

8 http://pusaka.or.id/demo/assets/REKOMENDASI-TEMU-RAKYAT-ADAT-KORBAN-PAPUA-Nov-2014.pdf, to take an active role in reporting violations in human rights and environmental problems so they can be brought to the attention of wider society and institutions that are actively attempting to protect, respect and advance human rights at the Papuan, national and international levels.

9. Participants of the Meeting of Community Victims of the Forestry and Large-scale Plantation Industries – Dialogue on Building a Green Economy and Sustainable Development hereby declare the foundation of the Indigenous People’s Environmental Council in the Land of Papua (Dewan Lingkungan Masyarakat Adat di Tanah Papua).

These are the recommendations which have been made and agreed together, and we hope they will be heeded and implemented. May our ancestors and the Creator be with us all.

Papuan students attacked with machetes in Manado, 2 dead, 4 injured: WARNING GRAPHIC

WARNING: GRAPHIC IMAGES OF INDONESIAN STATE VIOLENCE

from our partners at MajalahSelangkah.com, with additional reporting by West Papua Media

original report Sunday 19th October 2014,

2 Victim Petius Tabuni after being hacked to death by militias in Manado. Photo supplied

Victim Petius Tabuni after being hacked to death by militias in Manado. Photo supplied (accompanying image too gruesome to display openly, if you must see this click here.)

 Manado, MAJALAH SELANGKAH – a Papuan student, Petius Tabuni, was hacked to death with machetes by unknown assailants, believed to be militia, around 3am local time on Sunday morning(19/10/2014) in Tondano City, Manado, North Sulawesi.

Petius, a student at Manado State Political-technical university,  died on the spot from his extensive and vicious  machete wounds across his back, body, head and face.  Five other Papuans who went to look for him were also attacked and rushed to a hospital nearby, by the same assailants.  The names of the other students and dead boy have not yet been released at time of writing.

“At this point, the  situation in Manado is not very safe. We are all too scared to leave our dormitories,”  a student from Manado told majalahselangkah.com on Sunday.

The incident began as students from Manado University (UNIMA) on Saturday night (18/10/2014) were holding a graduation celebration party at the student dormitory village of Tataaran Patar Minahasa.

The victim was reported to have been intoxicated, and left the party. Around 03:00 am, he telephoned his brother and friends saying he was being attacked.   When 5 of his friends came to the place he had called from, they found him already lying dead.

Before they had time to park their motorbikes, they were attacked with machetes for over twenty minutes by a large group of local Manado people loitering in the darkness nearby. The five were severely injured with machete wounds, with one of the five students, reportedly just out of middle school, died in hospital.

Local sources reported that a large group of Papuan students at Tondano are being forced to barricade themselves and have been stranded in their student boarding houses.   They can not leave even with a rental car, according to local sources, because there is information circulating that the perpetrators are still looking for more Papuan victims.

Manado police have refused to return calls from West Papua Media about the status of the victims and the current security situation for Papuan students in Manado.  (BT/014/MS/WPM)

Additional reporting, Edited and translated by Westpapuamedia

Papuans Behind Bars: September 2014: Culture of impunity in Papua threatens human rights and democracy

  From our partners at Papuansbehindbars.org

 October 8, 2014

At the end of September 2014, there were at least 74 political prisoners in Papuan jails.

New reports of attacks against lawyers in Papua indicate that the situation is becoming worse for those involved in human rights work. A public attack on Latifah Anum Siregar, a lawyer with the Democracy Alliance for Papua (Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua, ALDP) and the failure of Indonesian authorities to end legal intimidation towards Gustaf Kawer, as reported in our previous update, demonstrates the dangers faced by lawyers involved in politically sensitive cases.

Reports from the Advocacy Network for Upholding Law and Human Rights (Jaringan Advokasi Penegakan Hukum dan HAM Pegunungan Tengah Papua, JAPH&HAM), based in Wamena, described police complicity in allowing violence to continue during a fight that broke out between two groups in Lanny Jaya. Two traditional honai houses belonging to tribal leader and political detainee Areki Wanimbo were burned down by an opposing group during the violence, whilst Jayawijaya Regional police reportedly watched and failed to stop the incident from occuring. Another incident involving police complicity in allowing violence reportedly took place in Youtefa Market in Abepura. David Boleba, an indigenous Papuan, was publically tortured, mutilated and murdered by a group of non-Papuan youths, reportedly in the presence of an Abepura District police officer. Again, the police officer took no action against the perpetrators.

There were several reports of random acts of police brutality against indigenous Papuans. A 15-year-old boy was shot in the leg three times by members of the police Mobile Brigades (Brigades Mobil, Brimob) for simply blocking their vehicle. In another case, a student of Cenderawasih University (Universitas Cenderawasih, UNCEN) and activist with the West Papua National Committee (Komite Nasional Papua Barat, KNPB) Rigo Wenda was publically tortured in Waena by Indonesian army officers with bayonet blades in a random act of violence.

Information received by ALDP detailed the torture and cruel and degrading treatment faced by 18 men arrested in Wamena in the Boycott Presidential Elections case. Despite the fact that they were initially arrested for peacefully calling for an election boycott, they were instead charged for reportedly making and using explosives. The criminalisation of the freedom to not participate in a democratic process is an undemocratic step backwards for Indonesia.

Indigenous Papuans from the highlands, such as areas like Wamena, are often automatically deemed to be separatists by Indonesian authorities. Because of this stigmatisation, security forces often take a heavy handed approach with highlanders and single them out for arrests, intimidation and torture. Reports received this month described continued violent reprisals against indigenous communities in Wamena. Security forces continued to burn down houses as they hunt for members of armed pro-independence movements.

Indonesian authorities have so far failed to investigate into the murder of KNPB Sorong leader Martinus Yohame. It remains to be seen if steps will be taken towards accountability and justice, or if like previous cases of murder of Papuan activists, it will go uninvestigated and unpunished. The entrenched culture of impunity that currently runs throughout police and military units in Papua poses a serious threat to human rights and democracy in Indonesia.

Arrests

 There were no reported political arrests in September 2014.

 

Releases

There were no reported releases in September 2014.

Political trials and cases overview

Human rights lawyer in Areki Wanimbo case attacked; arrest ruled as procedural

On 16 September, prominent human rights lawyer with ALDP, Latifah Anum Siregar, was attacked in Wamena on the way back to her hotel after a court hearing. At around 7.30pm, Siregar was attacked by an unidentified person armed with a knife who stole her bag and injured her hand before fleeing the scene. She received two stitches for her wound. It is believed that she may have been targeted for her involvement in the trial of Areki Wanimbo. Despite not having conducted any investigations into the incident, on 25 September Papuan police issued a statement published in Papuan newspaper Cenderawasih Pos that denied that the attack was in any way related to the trial. Papuan and Indonesian human rights groups such as LP3BH, KontraS, Napas and AMP have called on Indonesian authorities to conduct investigations into the attack.

Since 10 September, pretrial hearings were held examining the legality of the arrest of Areki Wanimbo. Defence lawyers from ALDP argued that the formal requirements of an arrest were not met by Jayawijaya Regional police at the time of arrest. Lawyers also stated that the arrests were unprocedural as Wanimbo was arrested without an arrest warrant and that he was detained in Jayawijaya Regional police station in Wamena for more than 24 hours without a detention warrant. Lawyers also criticised police for arresting Wanimbo based on charges which were then dropped and replaced by different charges. While he was initially charged under Emergency Law 12/1951 and Article 122 of Law 6/2011 on Immigration, he is now facing charges of conspiracy to commit treason under Article 106 and 110 of the Indonesian Criminal Code. On 29 September, Wamena District Court ruled in favour of Jayawijaya Regional police, stating that the arrest was conducted in compliance with regulations.

The case of the French journalists Thomas Charles Dandois and Valentine Bourrat, who were arrested after visiting Areki Wanimbo, has been transferred to Jayapura District prosecutors. They are currently facing charges of breaching immigration rules under Article 122 of Law 6/2011 on Immigration, which carries a maximum sentence of five years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of IDR. 500 million (around USD 42,700).

Boycott Election detainees tortured

Information published on the ALDP website revealed details of torture and cruel and degrading treatment in the arrests of 18 people on 12 July in Wamena, in relation to the 9 July Presidential Elections boycott (as reported in our July update). 13 of those arrested have been released, while Yosep Siep, Ibrahim Marian, Marsel Marian, Yance Walilo and Yosasam Serabut remain in detention.

ALDP stated that on 12 July, a joint military and police task force raided Wara village in Pisugi district, Jayawijaya regency. Those arrested were tied together with rope and dragged along a ditch towards a vehicle parked on a main road. The men were chained together with their necks and hands tied with nylon twine, which meant that if one person fell down, the rest too would be dragged down. They were also reportedly beaten with rifle butts. Ibrahim Marians was beaten until he fainted and was then thrown into a ditch by security forces. Yance Walilo was severely beaten with a rifle butt and as a result has lost hearing in one ear.

Another man, Novi Alua, was repeatedly kicked in the chest and suffered difficulty breathing. Other villagers received threats that they would be bayonneted. The wife of Yosep Siep, one of the men who remains in detention, was hit on the ear and suffered temporary hearing loss. Another woman, Ape Wetipo, was punched in the chin and had difficulty eating for some time. Security forces also ransacked and ruined homes, reportedly destroyed their food supplies, slashed livestock with machetes and threatened to burn down the houses of Yosep Siep and Yance Walilo. Other items were also allegedly destroyed including noken bags from Yosep Siep’s family that had been made for sale.

The 18 men who were arrested were brought to Jayawijaya Regional police station for interrogation where they continued to face torture. While being questioned they were allegedly kicked, beaten and electrocuted. Jayawijaya police reportedly used a hammer to hit their spines, heads and toes. ALDP lawyers reported that some of the detainees who have already been released suffered broken bones as a result of being beaten with hammers and are receiving traditional medication in their village. There have also been reports of the detainees being denied access to visits from their families.

The five men who remain in detention are currently facing charges under Articles 187 and 164 for conspiracy to endanger security of persons or property, for reportedly making and using explosives.

ALDP lawyers stated that police have so far failed to clearly explain what explosives the five men allegedly possess or a clarification on why they are being charged under these articles.

 

Lawyers submit letter of complaint in Nimbokran case

On 26 August, human rights lawyers representing the 12 detainees in the Nimbokran arrests case submitted a letter of complaint to the Head of Papua National Police province, criticising the barriers they faced while attempting to gain access to their clients while they were detained in Jayapura Regional police station, and the ill-treatment the detainees faced on arrest.

The letter stated that police officers forced Sahayu Loho, one of the 12 men that remain in detention, to wear military fatigues and pose with several objects that had been found during one of their searches, including arrows and a baton, and then photographed him. Paulus Logo, who has since been released, was hit repeatedly on the neck with rifle butts, beaten on the back with batons and hit on the head with a wooden stick on arrest. Wene Naftali Hisage was also hit repeatedly with rifle butts and beaten with batons on arrest. In detention at Jayapura Regional police station, Hisage was hit on the mouth, back and neck with a wooden plank and his legs were stamped on by police officers. He had acted as a translator for those detainees who do not speak Indonesian, and police started beating him when they thought his translation was insufficient. A woman named Amina Sapla was hit on the back and left arm with a car jack. The letter also stated that another detainee, Jhon Lakopa Pigai, still had visible injuries from beatings endured on arrest and in detention.

The 12 men face charges of treason under Article 106 of the Indonesian Penal Code.

Supreme Court increases prison sentence of Biak 1 May detainee

Information received from defence lawyers in the Biak 1 May case reported that one of the six detainees, Oktovianus Warnares, has been sentenced to seven years’ imprisonment by the Indonesian Supreme Court. This is an increase from the prison sentence handed down by the Biak High Court of five years.

Cases of concern

 

UNCEN student and activist publically tortured in Waena

On 2 September, KNPB member and UNCEN student Rigo Wenda was allegedly beaten and stabbed by Indonesian army officers in Waena, Jayapura. A report received from an independent human rights worker stated that military officers who were guarding a security post approached Wenda and his brother as they were on their way home and reportedly started beating them without any reason. The two men reacted in self-defence and attempted to fight off the military officers. Military officers then slashed Rigo Wenda with a bayonet blade on his thigh, knee, chest, ear and stabbed him in the stomach. Wenda was reported to be in a critical condition and unable to breathe without the help of respiratory equipment. Later on the same day, UNCEN students demonstrated against the incident and called for the perpetrators to be brought to justice. It is unclear whether police are conducting any investigations into this incident.

Papuan man publically mutilated and murdered close to Youtefa market, Abepura

On 7 August, David Boleba, an indigenous Papuan, was publically tortured, mutilated and murdered by a group of immigrant youth close to Youtefa market in Abepura. His relative Daniel Boleba suffered beatings and gunshot wounds. The incident reportedly took place in the presence of an Abepura District police officer who took no measures to stop the violence from occurring.

Testimony from Daniel Boleba recorded in a report from the Justice, Peace and Integrity of Creation Desk (Keadilan, Perdamaian dan Keutuhan Ciptaan, KPKC) of the Evangelical Christian Church (Gereja Kristen Injili, GKI) stated that at around midnight, a fight broke out between a group of immigrant youth and Daniel Boleba. One of the youths hit Daniel Boleba with a glass bottle on his head while another threatened him with a pistol. Once the fight subsided, he then left to inform his relative David Boleba of the incident. David and Daniel Boleba then both headed to the place of the incident to confront the group of youths. The two men were then attacked by the group and both suffered gunshot wounds. While Daniel managed to escape, David Boleba was beaten to death by the group. According to testimony from Daniel Boleba, an Abepura District police officer named Robby Fingkrew was present at the time of the incident, who reportedly did nothing to stop the youths.

Upon escaping, Daniel Boleba sought treatment in Bhayangkara hospital for his gunshot and other wounds. According to testimony from the victims’ family, David Boleba’s body was found mutilated; his head had been sliced with a sharp weapon and two of his legs were amputated. The family stated that only one man had been arrested by police so far.

 

Police fail to stop burning of two houses belonging to Areki Wanimbo

A report received by the Advocacy Network for Upholding Law and Human Rights (Jaringan Advokasi Penegakan Hukum dan HAM Pegunungan Tengah Papua, JAPH&HAM) reported a fight that broke out between two groups in Lanny Jaya on 18 September, which led to the burning down of two traditional honai houses of Areki Wanimbo. The report alleged that at the time of the incident, Jayawijaya Regional police were present at the scene and made no efforts to stop the violence and arson. Police did however fire gunshots, injuring 18-year-old Kukes Wandikbo, who suffered wounds on the neck and back. According to the report received, while it does not seem that the burning down of the houses was in any way related to the trial Wanimbo is currently facing, police may have allowed the incident to happen due to the fact that Wanimbo is currently standing trial for charges of conspiracy to commit treason.

 

Military and police continue to terrorise villagers in Pirime district

As reported in our last update, the humanitarian situation in Lanny Jaya was of particular concern following fighting that broke out between Indonesian police and military forces and a pro-independence armed movement led by Enden Wanimbo. Information published on the KNPB website reported similar concerns, stating that on 26 and 27 September, security forces continued to burn down houses in Indawa village in Pirime district. Security forces also allegedly shot and killed the villagers’ livestock. KNPBNews reported that the situation in Lanny Jaya remains unstable with villagers being forced to flee their homes. On 1 August, during a similar raid on Ekanom village in Pirime district, Pastor Ruten Wakerkwa was arrested when police found a photo of the Morning Star flag on his phone. Early reports indicate that he is likely to have faced torture in detention. It remains unclear what charges Wakerkwa faces if any. It is believed that he remains in detention in Lanny Jaya Regional police station.

15-year-old boy shot by Brimob officers

A report from JAPH&HAM described the shooting of Weak Wantik, a 15-year-old boy, on 6 September in Kosiape village in Musatfak district, Jayawijaya regency. Wantik was reportedly drunk when he stopped a car containing four Mobile Brigades (Brigades Mobil, Brimob) officers with the intention of asking for a cigarette. The four fully armed Brimob officers exited the vehicle which then caused Wantik to panic and run away. The Brimob officers then fired in his direction, hitting him three times on his left leg. He received seven stitches as a result of his bullet wounds. He was reportedly tightly guarded by police officers while seeking medical treatment at Wamena Hospital. As a result, he felt intimidated and left the hospital after two days without seeking further advice from doctors. While intelligence officers had visited him in hospital to reportedly interview him regarding the incident, there have been no further investigations into the incident.

Memorial service interrupted because of Morning Star decoration

Papuan news site Majalah Selangkah reported that on 5 September, Timika District police interrupted a church memorial service for Dr John Otto Ondawame in Timika and demanded that banners with the images of the Morning Star flag to be taken down. Police forbade people from taking photographs of the incident. Following this, police monitored the memorial service from outside the church. Dr Ondawame hailed from Timika and was the vice-chairman of the West Papua National Coalition for Liberation (WPNCL).

Calls for investigations into murder of Martinus Yohame remain unheeded by Indonesian authorities

Demands from the Papuan branch of the National Human Rights Comission (Komisi Hak Asasi Manusia, Komnas HAM) and Amnesty International calling on Indonesian authorities to seek justice for the murder of KNPB Sorong leader Martinus Yohame have so far gone unheeded. Indonesian police stated that the absence of an autopsy has made investigations into Yohame’s death difficult. However, an initial hospital report found that Yohame suffered from heavy beatings on his face, stab wounds and gunshot wounds, clearly indicating foul play.

Yohame’s family had rejected a request for an autopsy to be performed. KNPB Chairman Agus Kossay told Jubi that this was because Yohame’s family did not trust that police investigations would be effective. Kossay cited past cases of murders of Papuan activists such as Mako Tabuni, Hubertus Mabel, Yesa Mirin and Terijoli Weya, where police investigations yielded no results and no one was held to account. Papuan human rights network Solidarity for Victims of Human Rights Violations in Papua (Solidaritas Korban Pelanggaran Hak Asasi Manusia, SKP-HAM Papua) has called on the UN Special Rapporteurs on Torture and Extrajudicial Executions to visit Papua to conduct thorough investigations into the murder of Martinus Yohame.

 

News

 

KNPB leader and ex-political prisoner Victor Yeimo calls on Papuan police to stop criminalising activists

Ex-political prisoner and KNPB leader Victor Yeimo has called on the Head of the Papua National police (Kepala Kepolisian Daerah, Kapolda) to stop criminalising human rights activists by removing them from the list of people wanted by the police (Daftar Pencarian Orang, DPO). Yeimo cites Simeon Dabi, a KNPB leader in Wamena, as an example of an activist listed in the DPO despite him not being involved in any criminal cases.

September 2014 Papuan political prisoners

 

 

  Prisoner Arrested Charges Sentence Case Accused of violence? Concerns reported re legal process? Prison / Place of detention

1

Abner Bastian Wanma

22 August 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Raja Ampat cultural group leader arrest Uncertain Uncertain Raja Ampat

2

Philemon Yarem

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

3

Loserek Loho

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

4

Sahayu Loho

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

5

Enos Hisage

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

6

Herman Siep

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

7

Nius Alom

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

8

Jhon Lakopa Pigai

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

9

Gad Mabel

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

10

Anton Gobay

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

11

Yos Watei

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

12

Matius Yaung

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Yes Doyo Regional police station

13

Alpi Pahabol

10 August 2014 Articles 106, 87, 53 Awaiting trial Nimbokran arrests Uncertain Uncertain Doyo Regional police station

14

Areki Wanimbo

6 August 2014 Articles 106 and 110 Awaiting trial French journalists arrests in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Papuan Police Headquarters

15

Pastor Ruten Wakerkwa

1 August 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Lanny Jaya 2014 military raid arrests Uncertain Uncertain Lanny Jaya Regional police station

16

Sudi Wetipo

14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station

17

Elius Elosak

14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station

18

Domi Wetipo

14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station

19

Agus Doga

14 July 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Uncertain Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station

20

Yosep Siep

9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station

21

Ibrahim Marian

9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station

22

Marsel Marian

9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station

23

Yance Walilo

9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station

24

Yosasam Serabut

9 July 2014 Articles 187, 164 Awaiting trial Boycott Pilpres 2014 in Wamena Yes Uncertain Jayawijaya Regional police station

25

Alapia Yalak

4 June 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters

26

Ferdinandus Blagaize 24 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Merauke KNPB arrests No Uncertain Okaba District police station

27

Selestinus Blagaize 24 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Merauke KNPB arrests No Uncertain Okaba District police station

28

Lendeng Omu

21 May 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Yahukimo arrests Uncertain Yes Yahukimo Regional police station

29

Jemi Yermias Kapanai

1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong

30

Septinus Wonawoai 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong

31

Rudi Otis Barangkea 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong

32

Kornelius Woniana 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong

33

Peneas Reri 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong

34

Salmon Windesi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong

35

Obeth Kayoi 1 February 2014 Articles 106, 108, 110 and Emergency Law 12/1951 On trial Sasawa military raid arrests Yes Yes Sorong

36

Yenite Morib

26 January 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Dondobaga church arrests Yes Yes Puncak Jaya regional police station

37

Tiragud Enumby

26 January 2014 Unknown Police investigation pending Dondobaga church arrests Yes Yes Puncak Jaya regional police station

38

Deber Enumby 4 January 2014 Emergency Law 12/1951 Police investigation pending Kurilik firearms arrests Yes Yes Papua Police Headquarters

39

Soleman Fonataba 17 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Trial beginning on 6 August Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi

40

Edison Werimon 13 December 2013 106, 110)1, 53, 55 Trial beginning on 6 August Sarmi 2013 Morning Star flag arrests No / not yet clear No On bail, cannot leave Sarmi

41

Piethein Manggaprouw 19 October 2013 106, 110 2 years Third Papuan Congress demo in Biak No Yes Biak

42

Apolos Sewa* 28 August 2013 106, 110 Under investigation Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong No Yes On bail

43

Yohanis Goram Gaman* 28 August 2013 106, 110 Under investigation Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong No Yes On bail

44

Amandus Mirino* 28 August 2013 106, 110 Under investigation Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong No Yes On bail

45

Samuel Klasjok* 28 August 2013 106, 110 Under investigation Freedom Flotilla arrests in Sorong No Yes On bail

46

Stefanus Banal 19 May 2013 170 )1 1 year and 7 months Pegunungan Bintang police raid 2013 Yes Yes Abepura

47

Oktovianus Warnares 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 7 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak

48

Yoseph Arwakon 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak

49

Markus Sawias 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak

50

George Syors Simyapen 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 4.5 years Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak

51

Jantje Wamaer 1 May 2013 106, 110, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years and 6 months Biak flag-raising, 1 May commemoration Yes Yes Biak

52

Hengky Mangamis 30 April 2013 106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong

53

Yordan Magablo 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong

54

Obaja Kamesrar

30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong

55

Antonius Saruf 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong

56

Obeth Kamesrar 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong

57

Klemens Kodimko 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 1 year and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong

58

Isak Klaibin 30 April

2013

106, 107, 108, 110, 160 and 164 3 years and 6 months Aimas 1 May commemoration No Yes Sorong

59

Isak Demetouw (alias Alex Makabori) 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi

60

Niko Sasomar

3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi

61

Sileman Teno 3 March 2013 110; Article 2, Emergency Law 12/1951 2 years 2 months Sarmi treason No Yes Sarmi

62

Jefri Wandikbo 7 June 2012 340, 56, Law 8/1981 8 years KNPB activist tortured in Jayapura Yes Yes Abepura

63

Timur Wakerkwa 1 May 2012 106 2 years and 6 months 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura

64

Darius Kogoya 1 May 2012 106 3 years 1 May demo and flag-raising No No Abepura

65

Wiki Meaga 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena

66

Meki Elosak 20 November 2010 106 8 years Yalengga flag-raising No Yes Wamena

67

George Ariks 13 March 2009 106 5 years Unknown Unknown No Manokwari

68

Filep Karma 1 December 2004 106 15 years Abepura flag-raising 2004 No Yes Abepura

69

Yusanur Wenda 30 April 2004 106 17 years Wunin arrests Yes No Wamena

70

Linus Hiel Hiluka 27 May 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire

71

Kimanus Wenda 12 April 2003 106 19 years and 10 months Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Nabire

72

Jefrai Murib 12 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Abepura

73

Numbungga Telenggen 11 April 2003 106 Life Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak

74

Apotnalogolik Lokobal 10 April 2003 106 20 years Wamena ammunition store raid Yes Yes Biak

 

* Apolos Sewa, Yohanis Goram Gaman, Amandus Mirino and Samuel Klasjok are currently facing charges of conspiracy to commit treason. Even though they were bailed a day after their arrest, they are currently undergoing investigation and are vulnerable to re-arrest. They are currently obliged to report to the police twice a week.

 

Papuans Behind Bars aims to provide accurate and transparent data, published in English and Indonesian, to facilitate direct support for prisoners and promote wider debate and campaigning in support of free expression in West Papua.

Papuans Behind Bars is a collective effort initiated by Papuan civil society groups working together as the Civil Society Coalition to Uphold Law and Human Rights in Papua. It is a grassroots initiative and represents a broad collaboration between lawyers, human rights groups, adat groups, activists, journalists and individuals in West Papua, as well as Jakarta-based NGOs and international solidarity groups.

 Questions, comments and corrections are welcomed, and you can write to us at info@papuansbehindbars.org

Communities Should Decide First, Before Permits are Issued

By AwasMifee

Published: September 9, 2014

Peta-HTI-PT.-Wahana-Samudera-Sentosa-600x423

Indigenous people in Okaba think the government is disrespecting and ignoring the rights of indigenous Marind communities to information, and to take their own decisions about whether or not to surrender land rights.

According to Gerardus Kaize, a Marind community leader from Okaba district, before the government issues any location permits the community should be able to decide whether they want plantations. “The government and companies should come and talk to the community and give them information, and then the community should discuss these proposals according to our customary law and come to our decsion, because this land has owners, it is not some empty wasteland”, he said.

Gerardus Kaize conveyed this opinion as a criticism of the government policy after receiving a circular letter and notice from the head of the Regional Environmental Management Agency for Papua Province, which asked for written suggestions, opinions and responses from the community about granting an Environmental Permit to PT Wahana Samudera Sentosa to use forest wood for an industrial timber plantation (HTI) over 79,006 hectaares in Ngguti and Okaba districts, which was issued by the Merauke Bupati (elected regency leader) in his decision document 133/2014 on 20th March 2014.

The government and company have yet to sit down together with the villagers and discuss in detail the planned industrial timber plantation or reach an agreement with the community. How can the community give their suggestions or responses if they have not been given any information about what the company wants to do?

“It’s just about keeping the people in a state of ignorance. However good a government land-management program might be, it is bound to fail if it does not involve the community, that’s why we are asking for the industrial tree plantation to be delayed until the community has discussed it and come to a decision.” Gerardus Kaize said. He is also a well-known educator and was a successful candidate in the Merauke District Legislative Assembly elections this year.

Community aspirations are that they do not wish to give up their rights to their land and forests, and the reason is because forest is the source of the Malind indigenous people’s livelihood, which the community wants to use for their own benefit. “We don’t need money, but we do need the forest to be able to continue our livelihoods and for future generations,“ Gerardus Kaize said.

Source: Pusaka http://pusaka.or.id/masyarakat-harus-duduk-ambil-keputusan/